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The metropolis in retrospect. From the trading metropolis to the global metropolis

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  • Lise BOURDEAU-LEPAGE
  • Jean-Marie HURIOT

    (Laboratoire d’Economie et de Gestion, Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Metropolization is not a new phenomenon : metropolises have been around for centuries. The prime and permanent function of a metropolis is the coordination of economiec activities at a world scale. This function has been applied to different activities in history, depending on technological conditions and economic organization, and consequently it generated different forms of metropolises. The resulting continuities and discontinuities in the metropolises' évolution can be understood in terms of agglomeration economies. In the pre-industrial period, the trading metropolis coordinates long range trade. The industrial revolutions generate new needs for coordination of production and give rise to the manufacturing metropolis. Finally, the information revolution and the emergence of the post-industrial economy create the global metropolis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2005031.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2005031

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Keywords: High-order services; metropolises; urban history;

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References

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  1. Lise Bourdeau-Lepage, 2002. "Varsovie entre polarisation et dispersion," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(5), pages 805-827.
  2. George J. Stigler, 1961. "The Economics of Information," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 69, pages 213.
  3. Edward E. Leamer & Michael Storper, 2001. "The Economic Geography of the Internet Age," NBER Working Papers 8450, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Gaspar, Jess & Glaeser, Edward L., 1998. "Information Technology and the Future of Cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 136-156, January.
  5. Anas, Alex & Arnott, Richard & Small, Kenneth A., 1997. "Urban Spatial Structure," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt835049q3, University of California Transportation Center.
  6. Ota, Mitsuru & Fujita, Masahisa, 1993. "Communication technologies and spatial organization of multi-unit firms in metropolitan areas," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 695-729, December.
  7. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & Jean-Marie HURIOT, 2002. "Local Interactions and the Global City Metropolization in Warsaw," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2002-03, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  8. Gehrig, Thomas, 1998. "Cities and the Geography of Financial Centres," CEPR Discussion Papers 1894, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 2008. "L’idée de région et le fait urbain./ The idea of region and the urban fact," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2008-03, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  2. Lise BOURDEAU-LEPAGE ( ADIS, Université Paris Sud 11) & Frédéric GASCHET (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Claude LACOUR (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Sylvette PUISSANT (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2011. "Metropolitanization 15 years after (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-13, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.

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