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Migration temporaire et mobilité intergénérationnelle

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  • Alice MESNARD

    (ARQADE, Université de Toulouse 1)

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    Abstract

    L'article étudie l'effet de l'émigration des travailleurs sur la distribution de la richesse d'une petite économie où les travailleurs sont confrontés à des difficultés d'accès au marché du crédit. Les migrants s'enrichissent en travaillant à l'étranger puis lèguent leur richesse à leurs descendants en revenant dans leur pays d'origine. Une plus grande proportion de travailleurs de la génération suivante deviennent entrepreneurs. Si l'émigration n'est pas trop restreinte, le salaire augmente et la structure du marché du travail est modifiée. L'accumulation de richesse est tirée vers le haut. Ainsi l'émigration temporaire peut conduire un pays en voie de développement hors d'un « piège de la pauvreté ».

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2001014.

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    Length: 30
    Date of creation: 01 Mar 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2001014

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    1. Douglas Holtz-Eakin & David Joulfaian & Harvey S. Rosen, 1993. "Entrepreneurial Decisions and Liquidity Constraints," NBER Working Papers 4526, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/10091, Paris Dauphine University.
    3. Blanchflower, D.G. & Oswald, A., 1991. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics 99125, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    4. Miyagiwa, Kaz, 1991. "Scale Economies in Education and the Brain Drain Problem," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(3), pages 743-59, August.
    5. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    6. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
    7. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-27, August.
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    1. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:15:y:2002:i:7:p:1-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Vincenzo Lombardo, 2012. "Modern foundations of dual economy models," Discussion Papers, CRISEI, University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy 8_2012, CRISEI, University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.

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