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L’emploi en Europe

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  • Jacques H. DR7ZE

    (CORE-Université Catholique de Louvain)

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    Abstract

    Cet article aborde le problème de la suppression du chômage de masse en Europe. Il affirme que pour ce faire, une décennie complète d'une croissance soutenue de l'output (> 3%) accompagnée d'une croissance modérée des salaires réels (≤ 2%) est nécessaire et probablement suffisante. La croissance de l'output nécessite la croissance de la demande, ce qui n'est pas automatique. Des insuffisances persistantes de la demande sont associées avec une formation décentralisée des prix sous rendements constants ou croissants et avec une rigidité à la baisse des taux d'intérêt. Les recommandations de politiques économiques sont de deux ordres. D'une part, la gestion de la demande agrégée grâce à des subsides sur le coût (logement social, rénovation urbaine, transport urbain et réseaux trans-européen de communications). D'autre part, par la réduction du coût salarial de la main-d'oeuvre peu qualifiée grâce à des exemptions de cotisations sociales. Ces recommandations sont comparées avec celles du Livre blanc.

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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40724085
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 1995022.

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    Length: 21
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 1995
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:1995022

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