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Verti-zontal Differentiation in Monopolistic Competition

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  • Francesco DI COMITE

    ()
    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) and European Commission ,DGECFIN)

  • Jacques-François THISSE

    ()
    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

  • Hylke VANDENBUSSCHE

    ()
    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) and Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), National Bank of Belgium and KULeuven,Licos)

Abstract

The pattern of trade observed from firm-product-country data calls for a new generation of models. To address the unexplained variation in the data, we propose a new model of monopolistic competition where varieties enter preferences non-symmetrically, capturing both horizontal and vertical differentiation in an unprecedented way. Together with a variable elasticity of substitution, competition effects, varying markups and prices across countries, this results in a tractable model whose predictions differ from existing ones. Using the population of Belgian exporters, our model succeeds in explaining the hitherto unexplained variation. The implications call for a re-thinking of earlier results and measurement practices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 2011046.

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Length: 51
Date of creation: 06 Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2011046

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Keywords: Heterogeneous firms; Horizontal differentiation; Vertical differentiation; Monopolistic competition; Non-symmetric varieties;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Di Comite, Francesco & Rovegno, Laura & Vandenbussche, Hylke & Viegelahn, Christian, 2011. "Moving up the Quality ladder? EU-China Trade Dynamics in Clothing," CEPR Discussion Papers 8725, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Francesco Di Comite, 2012. "Measuring quality and non-cost competitiveness at a country-product level," European Economy - Economic Papers 467, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  3. Picard, Pierre M. & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2012. "Firms' locations under demand heterogeneity," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 961-974.
  4. Joze Damijan & Joep Konings & Saso Polanec, 2012. "Pass-on Trade: Why do Firms Simultaneously Engage in Two-Way Trade in the Same Varieties?," Vives discussion paper series 31, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen, Vives.
  5. Massimiliano Bratti & Giulia Felice, 2012. "Are Exporters More Likely to Introduce Product Innovations?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(11), pages 1559-1598, November.

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