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Diverging patterns of education premium and school attendance in France and the US : a Walrasian view

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  • David, de la Croix

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) and UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN ,Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) and FNRS Belgium)

  • Frédéric Docquier

    (CADRE, Univ. de Lille 2 and IZA Bonn)

Abstract

We evaluate the effect of technology, demographics and policy on the differential evolution of the skill premium and on the rise in education investment in France and the USA. We use a computable general equilibrium model with overlapping generations of individuals, and endogenous education decisions. Human capital is made of two substitutable components, experience and education, both of them evolve endogenously over time. We calibrate this model on the post-war period and run counterfactual experiments to assess the effect of the different exogenous variables. French expansionary education policy boosted the supply of skills and kept the skill premium low. On the contrary, increasing education costs in the US contributed to increase wage differentials by reducing the supply of skills. The skill biased technical shock is key to understand rising school attendance and appears delayed in France.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 2003010.

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Length: 35
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2003010

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Keywords: Human capital; Education; Skill premium;

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  1. Stephen Machin & John Van Reenen, 1998. "Technology And Changes In Skill Structure: Evidence From Seven Oecd Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1215-1244, November.
  2. Van Reenen, John & Caroli, Eve, 2001. "Skill-Biased Organizational Change? Evidence from a panel of British and French establishments," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10093, Paris Dauphine University.
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Cited by:
  1. Etienne WASMER, 2004. "Labor supply dynamics, unemployment and experience in the labor market," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2004044, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  2. DE LA CROIX, David & DOCQUIER, Frédéric & LIEGEOIS, Philippe, 2007. "Income growth in the 21st century: Forecasts with an overlapping generations model," CORE Discussion Papers 2007043, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Luca, MARCHIORI, 2007. "ChinAfrica : How can the Sino-African cooperation be beneficial for Africa ?," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2007014, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
  4. Chojnicki, Xavier & Docquier, Frédéric & Ragot, Lionel, 2005. "Should the U.S. Have Locked the Heaven's Door? Reassessing the Benefits of the Postwar Immigration," IZA Discussion Papers 1676, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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