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Chocs asymétriques et persistance du chômage : Wallonie et Flandre comparées

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  • Henri SNEESSENS

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

  • Fatemeh SHADMAN-MEHTA

    (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

Abstract

L'objectif de cette étude est de contribuer à une meilleure compréhension des phénomènes responsables de la hausse et de la persistance du chômage, en particulier le contraste Wallonie-Flandre. Ce travail prolonge des travaux antérieurs en intégrant simultanément dans l'analyse la dimension spatiale et le niveau de qualification. On peut de cette façon examiner les conséquences de chocs asymétriques (régions/qualifications) sur les taux de chômage et d'emplois vacants d'équilibre. L'analyse fait apparaître en Wallonie un accroissement continu des disparités de situation entre régions et niveaux de qualification qui peut s'expliquer par le déclin des vieilles industries et le développement des technologies nouvelles. Les disparités ainsi crées sont d'autant plus importantes que les coûts du travail s'adaptent peu; elles semblent également avoir été amplifiées par la faiblesse de l'investissement en capital physique et en capital humain

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 2001024.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2001024

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  1. Stephen Machin & John Van Reenen, 1998. "Technology And Changes In Skill Structure: Evidence From Seven Oecd Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1215-1244, November.
  2. Dominique Goux & Eric Maurin, 1998. "The Decline in Demand for Unskilled Labor : An Empirical Analysis Method and its Application to France," Working Papers 98-53, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  3. Manacorda, Marco & Petrongolo, Barbara, 1999. "Skill Mismatch and Unemployment in OECD Countries," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(262), pages 181-207, May.
  4. Sneessens, Henri R., 1998. "Technological Bias and Unemployment: A Macroeconomic Perspective," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1999024, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES), revised 00 Aug 1999.
  5. repec:fth:inseep:9853 is not listed on IDEAS
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