Debt Valuation and Marketability Risk
AbstractThis paper studies the valuation of corporate debt contracts in an intertemporal setting under uncertainty taking into account the possibility that the bondholder will be unable to sell his asset. The model considers a coupon paying debt contract with default risk in a binomial setting. Randomly matched investors who place different values upon the firm in bankruptcy bargain for the price of the asset in a secondary market. With this framework we are able to isolate the influence of liquidity risk in the pricing of risky debt contracts. This influence is shown to be function of the heterogeneity of investors' valuations and the range of uncertainty concerning potential bankruptcy costs. In particular, even though mean bankruptcy costs may be relatively low, uncertainty about them can generate relatively large spreads. Furthermore this model is capable of generating a large variety of shapes for the term structure of yield spreads. Finally, the model captures the fact that early after the issue, a bond is relatively liquid and later becomes relatively illiquid depending on the underlying asset value.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 1997020.
Date of creation: 01 Sep 1997
Date of revision:
Corporate bonds; default risk; bankruptcy; liquidity risk;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
- G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
- G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-02-10 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Merton, Robert C., 1973.
"On the pricing of corporate debt: the risk structure of interest rates,"
684-73., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
- Merton, Robert C, 1974. "On the Pricing of Corporate Debt: The Risk Structure of Interest Rates," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 29(2), pages 449-70, May.
- Martin J. Osborne & Ariel Rubinstein, 2005. "Bargaining and Markets," Levine's Bibliography 666156000000000515, UCLA Department of Economics.
- Houweling, Patrick & Mentink, Albert & Vorst, Ton, 2005.
"Comparing possible proxies of corporate bond liquidity,"
Journal of Banking & Finance,
Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1331-1358, June.
- Houweling, P. & Mentink, A.A. & Vorst, A.C.F., 2003. "Comparing possible proxies of corporate bond liquidity," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2003-49, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
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