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The Upswing of Regional Income Inequality in Spain (1860-1930)

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  • Julio Martinez-Galarraga

    ()

  • Joan R. Roses

    ()

  • Daniel A. Tirado Fabregat

    ()

Abstract

This paper studies the evolution of Spanish regional inequality from 1860 to 1930. The results point to the coexistence of two basic forces behind changes in regional economic inequality: industrial specialization and labor productivity differentials. The initial expansion of industrialization, in a context of growing economic integration of regions, promoted the spatial concentration of manufacturing in certain regions, which also benefited from the greatest advances in terms of labor productivity. Since 1900, the diffusion of manufacturing production to a greater number of locations generated the emulation of production structures and a process of catching-up in labor productivity and wages.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones in its series Working Papers in Economic History with number wp09-05.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:wp09-05

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Keywords: Industrialization; Market Integration; Heckscher-Ohlin Model; New Economic Geography;

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References

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  1. Kim, Sukkoo & Margo, Robert A., 2004. "Historical perspectives on U.S. economic geography," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 66, pages 2981-3019 Elsevier.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pablo Martinelli, 2012. "Von Thünen South of the Alps : Access to Markets and Interwar Italian Agriculture," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-12, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  2. Marc Badia- Miro & Jordi Guilera & Pedro Lains, 2012. "Reconstruction of the Regional GDP of Portugal, 1890 1980," Working Papers in Economics 280, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  3. Julio Martínez-Galarraga, 2014. "Market potential estimates in history: a survey of methods and an application to Spain, 1867-1930," Working Papers 0051, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
  4. Juan Carmona Pidal & Markus Lampe & Joan R. Roses, 2011. "Spanish housing markets during the first phase of the rural-urban transition process," Working Papers in Economic History wp11-08, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  5. Juan Carmona Pidal & Markus Lampe & Joan R. Rosés, 2012. "Housing markets during the rural-urban transition : evidence from early 20th century Spain," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-10, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  6. Evgeniya Kolomak, 2013. "Spatial inequalities in Russia: dynamic and sectoral analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa13p21, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Emanuele Felice & Josep Pujol Andreu, 2013. "GDP and life expectancy in Italy and Spain over the long-run (1861-2008): insights from a time-series approach," UHE Working papers 2013_06, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitat d'Història Econòmica.
  8. José Aguilar-Retureta, 2014. "The GDP per capita of the Mexican regions (1895-1930): new estimates," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1415, Asociación Española de Historia Económica.
  9. Emanuele Felice & Giovanni Vecchi, 2013. "Italy’s Growth and Decline, 1861-2011," CEIS Research Paper 293, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 11 Oct 2013.
  10. Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-Fran�ois Thisse & Xiwei Zhu, 2014. "Technological Progress and Economic Geography," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-915, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  11. Martin Henning & Kerstin Enflo & Fredrik NG Andersson, 2010. "Trends and cycles in regional economic growth : how spatial differences formed the Swedish growth experience 1860-2009," Working Papers in Economic History wp10-10, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  12. Kerstin Enflo & Joan Ramón Rosés, 2012. "Coping with Regional Inequality in Sweden: Structural Change, Migrations and Policy, 1860-2000," Working Papers 0029, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
  13. Joan R. Rosés & Daniel A. Tirado & Julio Martínez-Galarraga, 2010. "The long-term patterns of regional income inequality in Spain (1860-2000)," Working Papers in Economic History wp10-08, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  14. Julio Martínez-Galarraga & Daniel A. Tirado-Fabregat & Rafael González-Val, 2014. "Market Potential and Regional Economic Growth in Spain, 1860-1930," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1409, Asociación Española de Historia Económica.
  15. Daniel Tirado & Marc Badia-Miró, 2012. "Economic integration and regional inequality in Iberia (1900-2000) : a geographical approach," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-03, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.

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