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On state autonomy : pressure groups and public policy in Britain and Spain in a comparative perspective, 1830s-1930s


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  • Juan Carlos Rojo Cagigal


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    The paper looks into the relationship between industrial pressure groups and the state, comparing the experiences of Britain and Spain during the 19th and the first third of the 20th century. By analysing the decision-making processes, the collective action of economic groups and the adoption of public policy, I argue that they shared a common pattern: both states were basically autonomous facing the pressure of organized economic interests. I explore some of the causes that could explain such a similar pattern in countries with a very different model of development and also examine the tensions provoked by the strong autonomy of the state, mainly in the Spanish case. From this work it follows that the role of the state should be re-considered and reevaluated in explaining institutional change in western countries during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones in its series Working Papers in Economic History with number wp08-01.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:wp08-01

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    Keywords: Pressure groups; Economic elites; Public policy; Big business and government; State; Political economy; Britain; Spain;

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