Swedish regional GDP 1855-2000 : estimations and general trends in the Swedish regional system
AbstractThis paper uses a method devised by Geary and Stark to estimate regional GDPs for 24 Swedish provinces 1855-2007. In empirical tests, we find that the Swedish estimations yield results of good precision, comparable to those reported in the international literature. From the literature, we generate six expectations concerning the development of regional GDPs in Sweden. Using the GDP estimations, we test these expectations empirically. We find that the historical regional GDPs show a high correlation over time, but that the early industrialization process co-evolved with a dramatic redistribution of productive capacity. We show that the regional inequalities in GDP per capita were at their lowest point in modern history in the early 1980s. However, while efficiency in the regional system has never been as equal, absolute regional differences in scale of production has increased dramatically over our investigated period. This process has especially benefited the metropolitan provinces. We also sketch a research agenda from our results.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones in its series Working Papers in Economic History with number w10-03.
Date of creation: Mar 2010
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Industrialization; Regional inequality; Regional income; Economic growth;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N93 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- N94 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: 1913-
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-04-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2010-04-17 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HIS-2010-04-17 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
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- Enflo, Kerstin & Rosés, Joan, 2012.
"Coping with Regional Inequality in Sweden: Structural Change, Migrations and Policy, 1860-2000,"
Lund Papers in Economic History
122, Department of Economic History, Lund University.
- Kerstin Enflo & Joan Ramón Rosés, 2012. "Coping with Regional Inequality in Sweden: Structural Change, Migrations and Policy, 1860-2000," Working Papers 0029, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
- Kerstin Enflo & Joan R. Rosés, 2012. "Coping with regional inequality in Sweden : structural change, migrations and policy, 1860-2000," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-09, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
- Marc Badia- Miro & Jordi Guilera & Pedro Lains, 2012. "Reconstruction of the Regional GDP of Portugal, 1890 1980," Working Papers in Economics 280, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
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