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The structural transformation between manufacturing and services and the deline in the U.S. GDP volatility

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  • Alessio Moro

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Abstract

For a single firm with a given volatility of total factor productivity at the gross output level (GTFP), the volatility of total factor productivity at the value added level (YTFP) increases with the share of intermediate goods in gross output. For a Cobb-Douglas production function in capital, labor and intermediate goods, YTFP volatility is equal to GTFP volatility divided by one minus the share of intermediate goods in gross output. In the U.S., this share is steadily around 0.6 for manufacturing and 0.38 for services during the 1960-2005 period. Thus, the same level of GTFP volatility in the two sectors implies a 55% larger YTFP volatility in manufacturing. This fact contributes to the higher measured YTFP volatility in manufacturing with respect to services. It follows that, as the services share in GDP increases from 0.53 in 1960 to 0.71 in 2005 in the U.S., GDP volatility is reduced. I construct a two-sector dynamic general equilibrium input-output model to quantify the role of the structural transformation between manufacturing and services in reducing the U.S. GDP volatility. Numerical results for the calibrated model economy suggest that the structural transformation can account for 32% of the GDP volatility reduction between the 1960-1983 and the 1984-2005 periods.

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Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía in its series Economics Working Papers with number we091409.

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Date of creation: Feb 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cte:werepe:we091409

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Keywords: Volatility decline; Structural change; Real business cycle; Total factor productivity;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Richard Rogerson & Akos Valentinyi & Berthold Herrendorf, 2007. "Growth and Structural Transformation," 2007 Meeting Papers 757, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Constant Lonkeng Ngouana, 2013. "Structural Transformation and the Volatility of Aggregate Output in OECD Countries," IMF Working Papers 13/43, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Carvalho, Vasco M & Gabaix, Xavier, 2010. "The Great Diversification and its Undoing," CEPR Discussion Papers 8044, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Loris Rubini, 2013. "Growth, Structural Transformation, and Volatility," Documentos de Trabajo 444, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  5. Cristiano Cantore & Filippo Ferroni & Miguel A León-Ledesma, 2012. "Interpreting the Hours-Technology time-varying relationship," Studies in Economics 1201, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  6. Flamini, Alessandro & Ascari, Guido & Rossi, Lorenza, 2012. "Industrial Transformation, Heterogeneity in Price Stickiness, and the Great Moderation," Dynare Working Papers 24, CEPREMAP.
  7. Cristiano Cantore & Filippo Ferroni & Miguel A. León-Ledesma, 2012. "The dynamics of hours worked and technology," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1238, Banco de Espa�a.
  8. Selgin, George & Lastrapes, William D. & White, Lawrence H., 2012. "Has the Fed been a failure?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 569-596.
  9. Baran Doda, 2012. "Evidence on CO2 emissions and business cycles," Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Papers 78, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.

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