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Entrepreneurship and the Hidden Economy: an Extended Matching Model

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Author Info

  • Gaetano Lisi

    (University of Cassino)

  • Maurizio Pugno

    (University of Cassino)

Abstract

This paper develops a standard matching model to address the problem of the hidden sector (including non-registered firms but producing for legal markets), as it is characterised in Italy, i.e. framed in a rather advanced economic and institutional setting, but also linked to the socio-economic regional dualism. The main novel features of the model are that entrepreneurial ability is heterogeneous, and that regular firms receive negative externalities from the hidden sector, and positive externalities from the other regular firms. Not only does an interior equilibrium emerge, but two stable equilibria are possible, thus accounting for Italy’s dualism. The “bad” equilibrium with respect to the “good” one is in fact characterised by a larger hidden sector, lower levels of overall productivity, output, entrepreneurial ability used, extra-profits, skilled employment, wages, and investment in education, as well as positive externalities; while the negative externalities, which may capture the pressure typically exerted by organised crime, are relatively greater.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche in its series Working Papers with number 2009-04.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:css:wpaper:2009-04

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Postal: Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche Via S. Angelo Loc. Folcara 03043 Cassino (FR) - Italy
Phone: +3907762994734
Fax: +3907762994834
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Web page: http://www.eco-giu.uniclam.it/Dipartimento/Info
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Keywords: entrepreneurship; hidden economy; shadow economy; underground economy; matching models;

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References

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  1. Maxim Bouev, 2005. "State Regulations, Job Search and Wage Bargaining: A Study in the Economics of the Informal Sector," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp764, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  2. Margaret Stevens, 2007. "New Microfoundations For The Aggregate Matching Function," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 48(3), pages 847-868, 08.
  3. D’Hernoncourt, Johanna & Méon, Pierre-Guillaume, 2012. "The not so dark side of trust: Does trust increase the size of the shadow economy?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 97-121.
  4. Christopher A. Pissarides & Barbara Petrongolo, 2001. "Looking into the Black Box: A Survey of the Matching Function," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(2), pages 390-431, June.
  5. Rauch, James E., 1991. "Modelling the informal sector formally," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 33-47, January.
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  7. Maxim Bouev, 2002. "Official Regulations and the Shadow Economy: A Labour Market Approach," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 524, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  8. Christopher Pissarides, 2002. "Company start-up costs and employment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2200, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  9. James Albrecht & Lucas Navarro & Susan Vroman, 2009. "The Effects of Labour Market Policies in an Economy with an Informal Sector," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(539), pages 1105-1129, 07.
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  13. Russell Cooper & John Haltiwanger, 1993. "Evidence on Macroeconomic Complementarities," NBER Working Papers 4577, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lisi, Gaetano & Pugno, Maurizio, 2011. "The Underground Economy in a Matching Model of Endogenous Growth," MPRA Paper 31312, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Gaetano Lisi & Maurizio Pugno, 2011. "Tax Morale, Entrepreneurship, and the Irregular Economy," Working Papers 2011-01, Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche.
  3. Lisi, G., 2011. "Entrepreneurship, On-the-job Search and Informal Jobs," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, issue 9, pages 33-46.

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