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Centralization and Accountability: Theory and Evidence from the Clean Air Act

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  • Federico Boffa

    (Università di Macerata and IEB)

  • Amedeo Piolatto

    ()
    (IEB, Universitat de Barcelona)

  • Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto

    ()
    (CREI, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and Barcelona GSE)

Abstract

This paper studies fiscal federalism when voter information varies across regions. We develop a model of political agency with heterogeneously informed voters. Rent seeking politicians provide public goods to win the votes of the informed. As a result, rent extraction is lower in regions with higher information. In equilibrium, electoral discipline has decreasing returns. Thus, political centralization efficiently reduces aggregate rent extraction. The model predicts that a region’s benefits from centralization are decreasing in its residents’ information. We test this prediction using panel data on pollutant emissions across U.S. states. The 1970 Clean Air Act centralized environmental policy at the federal level. In line with our theory, we find that centralization induced a differential decrease in pollution for uninformed relative to informed states.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) in its series CERIS Working Paper with number 201213.

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Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:csc:cerisp:201213

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Keywords: Political centralization; Government accountability; Imperfect information; Interregional heterogeneity; Elections; Environmental policy; Air pollution;

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Cited by:
  1. Edward L. Glaeser, 2012. "Urban Public Finance," NBER Working Papers 18244, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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