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Greening Africa? Technologies, endowments and the latecomer effect

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  • Paul Collier
  • Anthony J. Venables

Abstract

Africa is well endowed with potential for hydro and solar power, but its other endowments – shortages of capital, skills, and governance capacity – make most of the green options relatively expensive, while its abundance of hydro-carbons makes fossil fuels relatively cheap. Current power shortages make expansion of power capacity a priority. Africa’s endowments, and the consequent scarcities and relative prices, are not immutable and can be changed to bring opportunity costs in Africa closer to those in the rest of the world. The international community can support by increasing Africa’s supply of the scarce factors of capital, skills, and governance.

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Paper provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford in its series CSAE Working Paper Series with number 2012-06.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:csa:wpaper:2012-06

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Keywords: Africa; climate change; energy; renewable; leapfrog; latecomer;

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  1. Christopher Udry & Santosh Anagol, 2006. "The Return to Capital in Ghana," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 932, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  2. Deichmann, Uwe & Meisner, Craig & Murray, Siobhan & Wheeler, David, 2011. "The economics of renewable energy expansion in rural Sub-Saharan Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 215-227, January.
  3. Eberhard, Anton & Shkaratan, Maria, 2012. "Powering Africa: Meeting the financing and reform challenges," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 9-18.
  4. Daron Acemoglu & James A. Robinson, 2000. "Why Did The West Extend The Franchise? Democracy, Inequality, And Growth In Historical Perspective," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1167-1199, November.
  5. Frederick van der Ploeg & Steven Poelhekke, 2009. "Volatility and the natural resource curse," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(4), pages 727-760, October.
  6. Kyu Sik Lee & Anas, Alex, 1989. "Manufacturers'responses to infrastructure deficiencies in Nigeria : private alternatives and policy options," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 325, The World Bank.
  7. Radoslaw Stefanski, 2010. "On the mechanics of the "Green Solow Model"," OxCarre Working Papers, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford 047, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
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Cited by:
  1. Janosch Ondraczek, 2013. "Are we there yet? Improving solar PV economics and power planning in developing countries: The case of Kenya," Working Papers, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University FNU-200, Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University.

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