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Revisiting forever gained: income dynamics in the resettlement areas of Zimbabwe


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  • Jan Willem Gunning
  • John Hoddinott
  • Bill Kinsey
  • Trudy Owens


This paper examines income dynamics for a panel of households resettled on former white-owned farms in the aftermath of Zimbabwe's independence. There are four core findings: (i) there has been an impressive accumulation of assets by these households; (ii) while this accumulation has played a role in increases in crop income, increases in returns to these assets have been especially important in generating the dramatic increase in crop incomes observed in these households; (iii) differences in initial conditions across these households, such as previous farming experience, have few persistent effects; and (iv) growth in incomes has been shared across all households, with the largest percentage increases in predicted incomes recorded by households that had the lowest predicted incomes at the beginning of the survey.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford in its series CSAE Working Paper Series with number 1999-14.

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Date of creation: 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:csa:wpaper:1999-14

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Cited by:
  1. Stefan Dercon, 2004. "Growth and Shocks: evidence from rural Ethiopia," Development and Comp Systems, EconWPA 0409036, EconWPA.
  2. Bigsten, Arne & Shimeles, Abebe, 2004. "Dynamics of Poverty in Ethiopia," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  3. Chris Elbers & Jan Willem Gunning & Bill Kinsey, 2004. "Growth and Risk: Methodology and Micro Evidence," Development and Comp Systems, EconWPA 0408014, EconWPA.
  4. Barrett, Christopher B., 2003. "Rural Poverty Dynamics: Development Policy Implications," Working Papers, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management 127243, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  5. Poulton, Colin & Davies, Rob & Matshe, Innocent & Urey, Ian, 2002. "A Review Of Zimbabwe’S Agricultural Economic Policies: 1980 –2000," ADU Working Papers, Imperial College at Wye, Department of Agricultural Sciences 10922, Imperial College at Wye, Department of Agricultural Sciences.
  6. K. Deininger & S. Jin & H. K. Nagarajan, 2009. "Land Reforms, Poverty Reduction, and Economic Growth: Evidence from India," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 496-521.


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