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Place-based tax exemptions and displacement effects: An evaluation of the Zones Franches Urbaines program

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  • P. GIVORD

    (Insee)

  • R. RATHELOT

    (Insee-Crest)

  • P. SILLARD

    (Insee)

Abstract

We propose to evaluate the impact of the French Zones Franches Urbaines on economic activity. This public-funded place-based program, comparable to US enterprise zones, exempts new and existing firms from taxes for a period of at least 5 years. For the purpose of this evaluation, we merged several administrative datasets at the firm level. This allows us to exhaustively observe business creations and stocks, as well as employment and financial outcomes for each firm at a precise geographical level. We focus on the second wave of the program, during which treated territories were selected among a pool of deprived territories according to a known set of covariates. The way treatment was assigned makes the conditional independence assumption credible in our case. Overall, we find significant effects on business creation and on employment while the effect on firms that were located in the treated areas before the program is not significant, regardless of the outcome. Finally, we provide evidence of significant negative spillovers of the program on neighboring areas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE in its series Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE with number g2011-13.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:crs:wpdeee:g2011-13

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Keywords: enterprise zone; local employment; place-based policies; propensity score matching; externalities;

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References

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  1. Gilles Duranton & Laurent Gobillon & Henry G. Overman, 2011. "Assessing the Effects of Local Taxation using Microgeographic Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 121(555), pages 1017-1046, 09.
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Cited by:
  1. Ooi, Joseph T.L. & Le, Thao T.T., 2013. "The spillover effects of infill developments on local housing prices," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 850-861.
  2. Corentin Trevien & Pauline Givord & Simon Quantin, 2012. "A Long-Term Evaluation of the First Generation of the French Urban Enterprise Zones," ERSA conference papers ersa12p776, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Anthony Briant & Miren Lafourcade & Benoît Schmutz, 2012. "Can Tax Breaks Beat Geography? Lessons from the French Enterprise Zone Experience," PSE Working Papers halshs-00695225, HAL.
  4. Mayer, Thierry & Mayneris, Florian & Py, Loriane, 2012. "The Impact of Urban Enterprise Zones on Establishments' Location Decisions: Evidence from French ZFUs," CEPR Discussion Papers 9074, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Florian MAYNERIS & Loriane PY, 2013. "The efficiency of enterprise zone programs Some conflicting results?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013025, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  6. Behaghel, Luc & Lorenceau, Adrien & Quantin, Simon, 2013. "Replacing churches and mason lodges? Tax exemptions and rural development," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1308, CEPREMAP.
  7. Anthony Briant & Miren Lafourcade & Benoît Schmutz, 2012. "Can Tax Breaks Beat Geography? Lessons from the French Enterprise Zone Experience," Working Papers halshs-00695225, HAL.

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