Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Job creation, job destruction and international trade : an empirical analysis of French manufacturing firms between 1986 and 1992

Contents:

Author Info

  • P. BISCOURP

    (Insee)

  • F. KRAMARZ

    (Crest)

Abstract

This paper provides an empirical analysis at the firm level of the link between international trade and employment, for French manufacturing firms across the period 1986-1992, for which homogenous data are available. Firms constantly involved in international trade throughout the period experience higher job destruction rates, or lower job creation rates, than those that are not. The same firms also contribute massively to the observed decrease in the share of production labour in overall employment, and to the decrease in the share of unskilled labour in production labour. However, the firms constantly involved in international trade through imports or exports turn out unsurprisingly to be the biggest firms. A simple analysis based on creation and destruction rates therefore fails to disentangle the size and international trade effects. An analysis of variance of the link between flows of international trade and firm employment, conditional on size as well as industry affiliation, shows that contrary to exports, imports are accompanied by a decrease in firm employment. In particular, imports of so-called « final goods », capturing the outsourcing abroad of part of the firms local production activities, are shown to have the strongest relationship with the decrease in total employment, as well as (unskilled) production employment. However, the empirical analysis of the link between exports and employment proves relatively unconclusive, for lack of data on horizontal foreign direct investment. Finally, controlling for firm technological innovation throughout the period does not alter the conclusions obtained on international trade.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.insee.fr/fr/publications-et-services/docs_doc_travail/G2003-02.pdf
File Function: Document de travail de la DESE numéro G2003-02
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE in its series Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE with number g2003-02.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpdeee:g2003-02

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri 92244 Malakoff Cedex
Phone: 01 41 17 50 50
Email:
Web page: http://www.insee.fr
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: international trade; labour demand; skills;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:crs:wpdeee:g2003-02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (D3E).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.