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Substitution and complementarity between capital, skilled and less skilled workers: an analysis at the firm level in the French manufacturing industry

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  • P. BISCOURP

    (Insee)

  • Ch. GIANELLA

    (Direction de la Prévision)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the substitution possibilities in the production function between capital and two labour inputs, skilled and unskilled workers. We estimate a very general system of factor demand at the firm level, using original panel data obtained by merging three different sources. We take into account the existence of adjustment costs as well as the possibility that productivity shocks are persistent, by estimating autoregressive factor demand equations. In order to correct for the endogeneity of regressors with respect to unobserved heterogeneity as well as productivity shocks, we use the Generalized Method of Moments to estimate factor demand equations separately. We then correct for simultaneity biases across equations to estimate the full system. Long run coefficients are computed from the estimated autoregressive equation. Asymptotic Least Squares finally allow us to test the theoretical restrictions imposed on these coefficients by the model. We find that the elasticity of substitution between skill groups is unitary. Capital is also found to be easily substituted to unskilled labour, but weakly if at all to skilled workers.

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    File URL: http://www.insee.fr/en/publications-et-services/docs_doc_travail/G2001-13.pdf
    File Function: Document de travail de la DESE numéro G2001-13
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE in its series Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE with number g2001-13.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:crs:wpdeee:g2001-13

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    Related research

    Keywords: labour demand; elasticity of substitution; generalized method of moments;

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    Cited by:
    1. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/eo6779thqgm5r489m6s8g682l is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Gabriele, CARDULLO & Bruno, VANDERLINDEN, 2006. "Employment subsidies and substitutable skills : An equilibrium matching approach," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2006010, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
    3. Nicolas CARNOT & Alain QUINET, 2003. "Enrichissement de la croissance en emploi et productivité," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2003014, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    4. Eric Heyer & Florian Pelgrin & Arnaud Sylvain, 2004. "Translog ou Cobb-Douglas? Le rôle des durées d'utilisation des facteurs," Working Papers 04-19, Bank of Canada.
    5. Oscar Bajo-Rubio & Antonio G. Gómez-Plana, 2004. "Reducing Social Contributions for Unskilled Labor as a Way of Fighting Unemployment: An Empirical Evaluation for the Case of Spain," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 60(2), pages 160-, August.
    6. Oscar Bajo-Rubio & Antonio G. Gómez-Plana, . "Reducing social contributions on unskilled labour as a way of fighting unemployment: An empirical evaluation for the case of Spain," Studies on the Spanish Economy 107, FEDEA.
    7. Nicolas Carnot & Alain Quinet, 2003. "Enrichissement de la croissance en emploi et productivité," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 69(1), pages 97-118.
    8. Éric Heyer & Mathieu Plane, 2012. "Impact des allégements de cotisations patronales des bas salaires sur l'emploi. L'apport des modèles macroéconomiques," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(7), pages 123-140.

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