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Estimating Gender Differences in Access to Jobs : Females Trapped at the Bottom of the Ladder

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  • Laurent GOBILLON

    (Crest)

  • Dominique MEURS

    (Crest)

  • Sébastien ROUX

    (Crest)

Abstract

Firms are more productive on average in larger cities. Two explanations have been offered:agglomeration economies (larger cities promote interactions that increase productivity) and firmselection (larger cities toughen competition allowing only the most productive to survive). Todistinguish between them, we nest a generalised version of a seminal firm selection model and astandard model of agglomeration. Stronger selection in larger cities left-truncates the productivitydistribution whereas stronger agglomeration right-shifts and dilates the distribution. We assess therelative importance of agglomeration and firm selection using French establishment-level dataand a new quantile approach. Spatial productivity differences in France are mostly explained byagglomeration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2009-09.

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Length: 56
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2009-09

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  1. Pierre Philippe Combes & Gilles Duranton & Laurent Gobillon & Diego Puga & Sébastien Roux, 2009. "The productivity advantages of large cities: Distinguishing agglomeration from firm selection," Working Papers, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales 2009-02, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales, revised 30 Nov 2010.
  2. Mark R. Killingsworth & Cordelia W. Reimers, 1983. "Race, ranking, promotions, and pay at a federal facility: A logit analysis," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 37(1), pages 92-107, October.
  3. Ridder, G. & Tunali, I., 1997. "Stratified Partial Likelihood Estimation," Papers, Koc University 1997/17, Koc University.
  4. Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf & Zweimuller, Josef, 1997. "Unequal Assignment and Unequal Promotion in Job Ladders," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 43-71, January.
  5. Tuomas Pekkarinen & Juhana Vartiainen, 2006. "Gender differences in promotion on a job ladder: Evidence from Finnish metalworkers," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 59(2), pages 285-301, January.
  6. James Albrecht & Anders Bjorklund & Susan Vroman, 2003. "Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 145-177, January.
  7. Donald, Stephen G & Green, David A & Paarsch, Harry J, 2000. "Differences in Wage Distributions between Canada and the United States: An Application of a Flexible Estimator of Distribution Functions in the Presence of Covariates," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(4), pages 609-33, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Gobillon, Laurent & Meurs, Dominique & Roux, Sébastien, 2012. "Estimating Gender Differences in Access to Jobs," IZA Discussion Papers 6928, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00849072 is not listed on IDEAS

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