The Recent Evolution of Pension Funds in the Netherlands: The Trend to Hybrid DB-DC Plans and Beyond
AbstractAccording to the classification in official statistics, Dutch pension plans have mainly preserved their DB character in recent years. The dominant reaction of pension funds to the fall in funding ratios at the beginning of this century has been a switch from final-pay schemes to average-wage schemes. This contrasts sharply with the experience in the United States and the United Kingdom, where the fall in pension funding ratios has accelerated the switch from DB to DC schemes. This paper scrutinizes the recent evolution of Dutch pension plans: how does the evolution of Dutch pension funds diverge from that of Anglo-Saxon pension funds, and how can we explain this divergence? Using an ALM framework, we argue that the current average-wage pension plans may be better viewed as hybrid DB-DC schemes, as indexation of all liabilities has been made solvency-contingent. Because these hybrid plans make use of two steering mechanisms to control solvency risk, Dutch pension funds display a high effectiveness in minimizing the risk of under-funding. The current hybrid schemes reflect a compromise between the various stakeholders. We examine the institutional basis for this compromise, and contrast this with the situation in Anglo-Saxon pension funds, where primarily employers are responsible for absorbing funding deficits, which gives them in turn more grip on pension plan design issues. In addition, we look at the role of unions, the strong preferences within the Dutch society for collective risk-sharing, and the underlying high level of social trust, as explanations for the divergence with the experience in the US and the UK…
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Retirement Research in its series Working Papers, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College with number wp2007-9.
Length: 36 Pages
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision: Apr 2007
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Other versions of this item:
- Ponds, E.H.M. & Riel, B. van, 2007. "The Recent Evolution of Pension Funds in the Netherlands: The trend to Hybrid DB-DC Plans and Beyond," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-387570, Tilburg University.
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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"Sharing Risk: The Netherlands' New Approach to Pensions,"
Open Access publications from Tilburg University
urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-387569, Tilburg University.
- Ponds, E.H.M. & Riel, B. van, 2009. "Sharing risk: The Netherlands' new approach to pensions," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3129589, Tilburg University.
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- Dirk Broeders & An Chen & David Rijsbergen, 2011. "Valuation of Liabilities in Hybrid Pension Plans," DNB Working Papers 326, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
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