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Overeducation at a glance. Determinants and wage effects of the educational mismatch, looking at the AlmaLaurea data

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  • Floro Ernesto Caroleo
  • Francesco Pastore

Abstract

This paper provides the first available estimates of the impact of overeducation on wages of AlmaLaurea university graduates. The analysis focuses on jobs held 5 years after the graduation attained in 2005. Overeducation / overskilling are relatively high when compared to those in similarly advanced economies, and persistent over the years after graduation. Ceteris paribus they tend to be more frequent among children of parents with lower educational levels, through school tracking. The degrees more frequently associated to overeducation are: Agriculture, Arts, Education, Languages, Physical Education, Political Sciences, and Psychology. Working while studying and having started the university later than the curricular years are also factors. Moreover, we estimate a conditional wage penalty of about 10% of the median wage when we adopt the "to get" (overeducation) and of about 6.7% when we adopt the "to do" (overskilling) definition. However, the personal attributes that dispose individuals to be mismatched might also reduce the probability of finding a job. Controlling for this source of sample selection bias by using the Heckit procedure, we find that the wage penalty associated to overeducation / overskilling goes up to 35 and 74 percent, respectively. This is support for the job competition and the job assignment models versus the search theoretical model, suggesting that the non-employed would be more likely overeducated / overskilled if they found a job.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CRISEI, University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy in its series Discussion Papers with number 18_2012.

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Date of creation: 19 Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:crj:dpaper:18_2012

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Keywords: School-to-Work Transition; University graduates; AlmaLaurea; Overeducation; Overskilling; Earnings; (Ordered) Probit; sample selection bias; Heckit; Italy.;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Piero Cipollone, Andrea Cutillo, 2013. "Overeducation Or Asymmetric Information?," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - Italian Review of Economics, Demography and Statistics, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 0(2), pages 123-138, April-Jun.
  2. L. Cattani & G. Guidetti & G. Pedrini, 2014. "Assessing the incidence and wage effects of overeducation among Italian graduates using a new measure for educational requirements," Working Papers wp939, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  3. Giuseppe Lucio Gaeta, 2013. "Was it worth it? An empirical analysis of over-education among Ph.D. recipients in Italy," Working Papers 1302, c.MET-05 - Centro interuniversitario di Economia Applicata alle Politiche per L'industria, lo Sviluppo locale e l'Internazionalizzazione.

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