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Des inégalités justes

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  • Michel Herland

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    (CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane)

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    Abstract

    Les inégalités sont partout mais sont-elles ou peuvent-elles être justes ? Une première justification des inégalités se fonde sur les différences de productivité entre individus. Une autre justification fait appel aux différences entre les besoins des individus. Celle-ci, néanmoins, apparaît moins solidement fondée que la précédente. On justifie également les inégalités par leur utilité : selon la théorie de l’équilibre général, par exemple, elles sont indissociables de l’optimum. Les théoriciens contemporains de la justice sociale ne contestent d’ailleurs pas l’utilité des inégalités, que ce soit chez Rawls avec son principe de différence ou chez Sen avec la recommandation de garantir à tous des capabilités minimales. Enfin, sur la base d’une typologie des inégalités, cet article propose la vision de l’auteur sur ce que seraient des inégalités « justes ». Mots-clefs : inégalités, justice sociale, utilitarisme, Proudhon, Rawls, Sen Classification JEL : B14, D3, D63, I3, P1

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    File URL: http://www2.univ-ag.fr/RePEc/DT/DT2013-12_Herland.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CEREGMIA, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane in its series Documents de Travail with number 2013-12.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:crg:wpaper:dt2013-12

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    1. Sen, Amartya, 1973. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198281931, October.
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