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Nominal Dynamics in Expected Market-Clearing Models

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Abstract

This paper investigates the relative performance of two expected market-clearing models vis-à-vis inflation and interest rates dynamics. It is shown that neither a limited participation model, nor a predetermined price model can completely explain the stylized facts regarding nominal dynamics. The two models display the desired properties for the contemporaneous responses to shocks. Yet the impulse response function of the interest rate in the predetermined price model is counterfactual. Both models fail to duplicate the cyclical properties of the nominal variables, making clear that the monetary non-neutrality they embody does not deliver the proper nominal dynamics, hence that passive monetary policy shall not be recommended in this respect. Ce papier étudie la performance relative de deux modèles d'équilibrage anticipé du marché par rapport aux dynamiques de l'inflation et des taux d'intérêt. Nous montrons que ni le modèle à participation limitée, ni le modèle à prix prédéterminés ne peuvent complètement expliquer les faits caractéristiques concernant les variables nominales. Les deux modèles ont les bonnes propriétés pour les réponses immédiates aux chocs. Pourtant, la fonction de réponses du taux d'intérêt est contraire aux faits dans le modèle à prix prédéterminés. Les deux modèles échouent dans la réplication des propriétés cycliques des variables nominales, indiquant clairement que le type de non-neutralité monétaire à l'oeuvre n'engendre pas les dynamiques nominales appropriées, et donc qu'une politique monétaire passive ne devrait pas être recommandée à cet égard.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal in its series Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers with number 126.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:126

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Keywords: Expected market-clearing models; liquidity effect; passive monetary rules; monetary non-neutrality;

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