Factoryless Goods Producers in the US
AbstractThis paper documents the extent and characteristics of plants and firms in the US that are outside the manufacturing sector according to official government statistics but nonetheless are heavily involved in activities related to the production of manufactured goods. Using new data on establishment activities in the Census of Wholesale Trade conducted by the US Bureau of the Census in 2002 and 2007, this paper provides evidence on so-called “factoryless goods producers” (FGPs) in the US economy. FGPs are formally in the wholesale sector but, unlike traditional wholesale establishments, FGPs design the goods they sell and coordinate the production activities. This paper documents the extent of FGPs in the wholesale sector and how they differ from traditional wholesalers in terms of their employment, wages, productivity and output. Reclassifying FGP establishments to the manufacturing sector using our definition would have shifted at least 595,000 workers to as many as 1,311,000 workers from wholesale to manufacturing sectors in 2002 and at least 431,000 workers to as many as 1,934,000 workers in 2007.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 9644.
Date of creation: Sep 2013
Date of revision:
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Other versions of this item:
- Andrew B. Bernard & Teresa C. Fort, 2013. "Factoryless Goods Producers in the US," Working Papers 13-46, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Andrew B. Bernard & Teresa C. Fort, 2013. "Factoryless Goods Producers in the US," NBER Working Papers 19396, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
- F61 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Microeconomic Impacts
- L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
- L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures
- L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-06-02 (All new papers)
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- David M. Byrne & Brian K. Kovak & Ryan Michaels, 2013.
"Price and quality dispersion in an offshoring market: evidence from semiconductor production services,"
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
2013-06, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- David Byrne & Brian K. Kovak & Ryan Michaels, 2013. "Price and Quality Dispersion in an Offshoring Market: Evidence from Semiconductor Production Services," NBER Working Papers 19637, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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