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The Federal Reserve’s Large-Scale Asset Purchase Programs: Rationale and Effects

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  • D'Amico, Stefania
  • English, William
  • López-Salido, J David
  • Nelson, Edward

Abstract

We provide empirical estimates of the effect of large-scale asset purchase (LSAP)-style operations on longer-term U.S. Treasury yields within a framework that nests the alternative theoretical perspectives on LSAPs. As the principal channels through which LSAPs migh tmatter for longer-term interest rates, we concentrate on (i) the scarcity (available local supply) channel associated with the traditional preferred habitat literature, and (ii) the duration channel associated with the general notion of interest rate risk. Wealso clarify LSAPs’ role in the broader context of monetary policy strategy, bringing out the connections between purchases of longer-term assets and historical Federal Reserve policy approaches. Our results indicate that the impact of LSAP-style operations on longer-term interest rates is mainly felt on the nominal term-premium component; moreover, within the nominal term premium, it is the real term premium that experiences the greatest response. The estimates suggest that the scarcity and duration channels have both been of considerable importance for the transmission of purchases to longer-term Treasury yields. Finally, by isolating the degree to which scarcity and duration impinge on term premiums, our estimates indicate the direction in which macroeconomic models should develop in order to encompass the transmission channels associated with LSAPs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 9145.

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Date of creation: Sep 2012
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9145

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Keywords: CUSIP-level data; history of unconventional monetary policy; large-scale asset purchases; monetary transmission mechanism;

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References

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  1. Quel est l’efficacité de l’assouplissement quantitatif ?
    by ? in D'un champ l'autre on 2014-05-01 12:19:00
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Cited by:
  1. Simon Gilchrist & Egon Zakrajsek, 2013. "The Impact of the Federal Reserve's Large-Scale Asset Purchase Programs on Corporate Credit Risk," NBER Working Papers 19337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Simon Gilchrist & David López-Salido & Egon Zakrajšek, 2014. "Monetary Policy and Real Borrowing Costs at the Zero Lower Bound," NBER Working Papers 20094, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Gürkaynak, Refet S. & Wright, Jonathan, 2013. "Identification and Inference Using Event Studies," CEPR Discussion Papers 9388, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. King, Thomas B., 2013. "A Portfolio-Balance Approach to the Nominal Term Structure," Working Paper Series WP-2013-18, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  5. Falagiarda, Matteo, 2013. "Evaluating Quantitative Easing: A DSGE Approach," MPRA Paper 49457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Michael E. Cahill & Stefania D’Amico & Canlin Li & John S. Sears, 2013. "Duration risk versus local supply channel in Treasury yields: evidence from the Federal Reserve's asset purchase announcements," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-35, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  7. Christoph Trebesch & Jeromin Zettelmeyer, 2014. "ECB Interventions in Distressed Sovereign Debt Markets: The Case of Greek Bonds," CESifo Working Paper Series 4731, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. D'Amico, Stefania & Fan, Roger & Kitzul, Yuriy, 2013. "The Scarcity Value of Treasury Collateral: Repo Market Effects of Security-Specific Supply and Demand Factors," Working Paper Series WP-2013-22, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  9. Jagjit S. Chadha & Philip Turner & Fabrizio Zampolli, 2013. "The Ties that Bind: Monetary Policy and Government Debt Management," Studies in Economics 1318, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  10. Michael Joyce & David Miles & Andrew Scott & Dimitri Vayanos, 2012. "Quantitative Easing and Unconventional Monetary Policy – an Introduction," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 122(564), pages F271-F288, November.
  11. Chadha, Jagjit S. & Waters, Alex, 2014. "Applying a macro-finance yield curve to UK quantitative Easing," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 68-86.
  12. Jagjit S Chadha & Philip Turner & Fabrizio Zampolli, 2013. "The interest rate effects of government debt maturity," BIS Working Papers 415, Bank for International Settlements.
  13. Moessner, Richhild, 2013. "Effects of explicit FOMC policy rate guidance on interest rate expectations," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(2), pages 170-173.

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