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Services Trade Liberalization and Regulatory Reform: Re-invigorating International Cooperation

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  • Hoekman, Bernard
  • Mattoo, Aaditya

Abstract

Trade and investment in services is inhibited by a range of policy restrictions, but the best offers so far in the Doha negotiations are on average twice as restrictive as actual policy. They will generate no additional market opening. Regulatory concerns help explain the limited progress. We develop two proposals to enhance the prospects for both liberalization of services trade and regulatory reform. The first is for governments to create mechanisms ('services knowledge platforms') to bring together regulators, trade officials and stakeholders to discuss services regulatory reform. Such mechanisms could identify reform priorities and opportunities for utilization of 'aid for trade' resources, thereby putting in place the preconditions for future market opening. The second proposal is for a new approach to negotiations in the WTO, with a critical mass of countries that account for the bulk of services production agreeing to lock-in applied levels of protection and pre-committing to reform of policies affecting FDI and international movement for individual service providers--two areas where current policy is most restrictive and potential benefits from liberalization are greatest. If these proposals cannot be fully implemented in the Doha time frame, then any Doha agreement could at least lay the basis for a forward-looking program of international cooperation along the proposed lines.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 8181.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8181

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Related research

Keywords: aid for trade; development assistance; GATS; international negotiations; knowledge platforms; services regulation; trade agreements; trade liberalization; WTO;

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References

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  1. Joseph Francois & Julia Woerz, 2007. "Producer Services, Manufacturing Linkages, and Trade," FIW Working Paper series 002, FIW.
  2. Arnold, Jens Matthias & Javorcik, Beata & Lipscomb, Molly & Mattoo, Aaditya, 2012. "Services reform and manufacturing performance : evidence from India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5948, The World Bank.
  3. Arnold, Jens Matthias & Mattoo, Aaditya & Narciso, Gaia, 2006. "Services inputs and firm productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from firm-level data," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4048, The World Bank.
  4. Mattoo, Aaditya & Wunsch, Sacha, 2004. "Pre-empting protectionism in services - the WTO and outsourcing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3237, The World Bank.
  5. Will Martin & Patrick Messerlin, 2007. "Why is it so difficult? Trade liberalization under the Doha Agenda," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 347-366, Autumn.
  6. Charles Sabel & Sanjay Reddy, 2007. "Learning to Learn: Undoing the Gordian Knot of Development Today," Challenge, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 50(5), pages 73-92, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Philippa Dee, 2011. "Promoting Domestic Reforms Through Regionalism," Crawford School Research Papers 1107, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  2. Klaus Deutsch, 2011. "Doha or Dada: The World Trade Regime at an Historic Crossroads," Working Papers id:4292, eSocialSciences.
  3. World Bank, 2012. "World Development Report 2013," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 11843, August.
  4. Fan, Ying, 2011. "Services Policy Reform in the People’s Republic of China: Before and After the Global Financial Crisis," ADBI Working Papers 304, Asian Development Bank Institute.

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