Growth, Democracy, and Civil War
AbstractAre civil wars partly caused by low economic growth? And do democratic institutions attenuate the impact of low growth on the likelihood of civil war? Our approach to answering these questions exploits that international commodity prices have a significant effect on income growth in Sub-Saharan African countries. We show that lower income growth makes civil war more likely in non-democracies. This effect is significantly weaker in democracies. So much so, that we do not find a link between growth and civil war in countries with democratic institutions. Our results therefore point to an interaction between economic and institutional causes of civil war.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6568.
Date of creation: Nov 2007
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O0 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - General
- P0 - Economic Systems - - General
- Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2007-11-24 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2007-11-24 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2007-11-24 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-DEV-2007-11-24 (Development)
- NEP-HIS-2007-11-24 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-POL-2007-11-24 (Positive Political Economics)
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