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Is the Regulation of the Transport Sector Always Detrimental to Consumers?

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  • Behrens, Kristian
  • Gaigné, Carl
  • Thisse, Jacques-François

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to qualify the claim that regulating a competitive transport sector is always detrimental to consumers. We show indeed that, although transport deregulation is beneficial to consumers as long as the location of economic activity is fixed, this is no longer true when, in the long run, firms and workers are freely mobile. The reason is that the static gains due to less monopoly power in the transport sector may well map into dynamic dead-weight losses because deregulation of the transport sector leads to more inefficient agglomeration. This latter change may, quite surprisingly, increase consumer prices in some regions, despite a more competitive transport sector. Transport deregulation is shown to map into aggregate consumer welfare losses and more inequality among consumers in the long run.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6185.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6185

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Keywords: economic geography; imperfect competition; interregional trade; transport deregulation; transport sector;

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Cited by:
  1. Takahashi, Takaaki, 2011. "Directional imbalance in transport prices and economic geography," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 92-102, January.

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