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Assessing the Foreign Control of Production of Technology: The Case of a Small Open Economy

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  • Cincera, Michele
  • van Pottelsberghe, Bruno
  • Veugelers, Reinhilde

Abstract

International R&D activities have grown significantly over the last two decades. Both the number of actors involved, as well as the importance of the technological activity carried out abroad, has considerably increased. We aim to quantify the international generation of knowledge for the case of Belgium, using indicators based on EPO and USPTO patent data (1978-2001). We distinguish among Belgian applicants, affiliates of foreign firms located in Belgium as well as Belgian based firms with affiliates abroad. This approach allows improvement of existing indicators of internationalization of technology based on patent data. The results are consistent with what can be expected for a small open economy such as Belgium. A large part of patents with Belgian inventors are assigned to Belgian affiliates of foreign firms. Hence our more complete indicator of foreign ownership gives a substantially higher foreign control of Belgian inventors. Relatively more knowledge generated by Belgian inventors flows out of the country towards foreign owners of technology, than knowledge generated abroad is owned by Belgian patent applicants. But the share of foreign inventors to Belgian assigned patents is increasing considerably over time, especially in the subcategory of Belgian firms with foreign affiliates.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4945.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4945

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Keywords: Belgian economy; internationalization of R&D; patent statistics;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michele Cincera, 2011. "Déterminants des oppositions de brevets: Une analyse micro-économique au niveau belge," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/147098, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Eva Dettmann & Iciar Dominguez Lacasa & Jutta Günther & Björn Jindra, 2013. "Determinants of Foreign Technological Activity in German Regions – A Count Model Analysis of Transnational Patents (1996-2009)," IWH Discussion Papers 12, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Filip De Beule & Ilke Van Beveren, 2009. "Multinational ownership and R&D intensity: The role of external knowledge sources and spillovers," LICOS Discussion Papers 24209, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.

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