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Changes in Job Security and their Causes: An Empirical Analysis for France, 1982-2002

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  • Givord, Pauline
  • Maurin, Eric

Abstract

In this Paper, we analyse the changes in the risks of involuntary job loss in France between 1982 and 2002. We find that these risks are higher in the 1990s than they were in the 1980s. We develop an econometric analysis to separate the effects of institutional changes from the effects of new technologies. Our estimates show that the rise in job loss rates is significantly more pronounced in industries that have the largest share of R&D workers and the largest rate of new technologies’ users. These findings suggest that technological changes contribute to decreasing the incentive to keep workers for long period of time and to increasing job insecurity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 3830.

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Date of creation: Mar 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3830

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Keywords: job security; lobaour demand; seniority;

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References

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  1. repec:fth:prinin:394 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. David H. Autor & Frank Levy & Richard J. Murnane, 2001. "The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration," NBER Working Papers 8337, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. David Card & John E. DiNardo, 2002. "Skill Biased Technological Change and Rising Wage Inequality: Some Problems and Puzzles," NBER Working Papers 8769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Schmidt, Stefanie R, 1999. "Long-Run Trends in Workers' Beliefs about Their Own Job Security: Evidence from the General Social Survey," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages S127-41, October.
  5. Horst Siebert, 1997. "Labor Market Rigidities: At the Root of Unemployment in Europe," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(3), pages 37-54, Summer.
  6. Neumark, David & Polsky, Daniel & Hansen, Daniel, 1999. "Has Job Stability Declined Yet? New Evidence for the 1990s," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages S29-64, October.
  7. Maurin, Eric & Thesmar, David, 2003. "Changes in the Functional Structure of Firms and the Demand for Skill," CEPR Discussion Papers 3831, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Diebold, Francis X & Neumark, David & Polsky, Daniel, 1997. "Job Stability in the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(2), pages 206-33, April.
  9. Goux, Dominique & Maurin, Eric & Pauchet, Marianne, 2001. "Fixed-term contracts and the dynamics of labour demand," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 533-552, March.
  10. Dominique Goux & Eric Maurin, 2000. "Labor Market Institutions and Job Stability. A Firm-Level Analysis of Layoff Risk for High and Low-Seniority Workers," Working Papers 2000-29, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  11. Bergemann, Annette & Mertens, Antje, 2000. "Job stability trends, layoffs and quits: An empirical analysis for West Germany," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2001,102, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  12. Bernhardt, Annette, et al, 1999. "Trends in Job Instability and Wages for Young Adult Men," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages S65-90, October.
  13. Jaeger, David A & Stevens, Ann Huff, 1999. "Is Job Stability in the United States Falling? Reconciling Trends in the Current Population Survey and Panel Study of Income Dynamics," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages S1-28, October.
  14. Bresnahan, Timothy F, 1999. "Computerisation and Wage Dispersion: An Analytical Reinterpretation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages F390-415, June.
  15. Lori G. Kletzer, 1998. "Job Displacement," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 115-136, Winter.
  16. repec:wop:humbsf:2001-102 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Kenneth A. Swinnerton & Howard Wial, 1995. "Is job stability declining in the U.S. economy?," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 48(2), pages 293-304, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nicolas Gravel & Benoit Tarroux, 2008. "Robust Normative Comparisons of Socially Risky Situations," IDEP Working Papers 0806, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France, revised 15 Oct 2008.
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00588316 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Aline Valette, 2007. "Absence of generalised employment instability in the French and British labour markets," Post-Print halshs-00156459, HAL.
  4. DiPrete, Thomas A. & Goux, Dominique & Maurin, Eric & Quesnel-Vallée, Amélie, 2003. "Work and pay in flexible and regulated labor markets: A generalized perspective on institutional evolution and inequality trends in Europe and the US," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2003-109, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  5. Caroli, Eve & Godard, Mathilde, 2014. "Does Job Insecurity Deteriorate Health? A Causal Approach for Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 8299, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Eve Caroli, 2007. "Internal versus External labour flexibility: The role of knowledge codification," PSE Working Papers halshs-00588315, HAL.
  7. Eve Caroli & Mathilde Godard, 2013. "Does Job Insecurity Deteriorate Health ? A Causal Approach for Europe," Working Papers 2013-13, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  8. Elisabetta Trevisan, 2007. "Job Security and New Restrictive Permanent Contracts. Are Spanish Workers More Worried of Losing Their Job?," Working Papers 2007_02, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
  9. Junichi Fujimoto, 2008. "Implications of General and Specific Productivity Growth in a Matching Model," 2008 Meeting Papers 584, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Behaghel, Luc & Moschion, Julie, 2012. "Skilled Labor Supply, IT-Based Technical Change and Job Instability," IZA Discussion Papers 6839, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Martine Carre & David Drouot, 2004. "Pace versus Type: The Effect of Economic Growth on Unemployment and Wage Patterns," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 7(3), pages 737-757, July.
  12. Bergemann, Annette & Mertens, Antje, 2004. "Job Stability Trends, Layoffs and Transitions to Unemployment - An Empirical Analysis for West Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 4792, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. R. Aeberhardt & C. Marbot, 2013. "Evolution of Instability on the French Labour Market during the Last Thirty Years," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2013-08, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  14. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00567682 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00646595 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00588315 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00784777 is not listed on IDEAS

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