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Land Reform and the Political Organization of Agriculture

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  • Conning, Jonathan H
  • Robinson, James A

Abstract

The modern theory of agrarian organization has studied how the economic environment determines organizational form under the assumption of stable property rights to land. The political economy literature has modeled the endogenous determination of property rights. In this Paper we propose a model in which the economic organization of agriculture and the political equilibrium determining the distribution of property rights are jointly determined. In particular, because the form of organization may affect the probability and distribution of benefits from agrarian reform, it may be determined in anticipation of this impact. The model offers a reason for why tenancy, despite its economic advantages, has been so little used in countries where agrarian reform is a salient political issue. We argue that this in particular helps to understand the dearth of tenancy and the relative failure of land reform in Latin America.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 3204.

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Date of creation: Feb 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3204

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Keywords: agrarian organization; land reform; political economy;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. World Bank, 2007. "India - Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7818, The World Bank.
  2. Graziella Bertocchi, 2006. "The Law of Primogeniture and the Transition from Landed Aristocracy to Industrial Democracy," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 43-70, 03.
  3. Assuncao, Juliano, 2006. "Land Reform and Landholdings in Brazil," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) RP2006/137, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  4. World Bank, 2007. "India : Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15791, October.
  5. Deininger, Klaus & Jin, Songqing & Adenew, Berhanu & Gebre-Selassie, Samuel & Nega, Berhanu, 2003. "Tenure security and land-related investment - evidence from Ethiopia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2991, The World Bank.
  6. Jonathan Conning, 2002. "Latifundia Economics," Economics Working Paper Archive at Hunter College, Hunter College Department of Economics 02/1, Hunter College Department of Economics.

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