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Job Flows, Worker Flows and Churning

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  • Burgess, Simon
  • Lane, Julia
  • Stevens, David

Abstract

We utilize a large firm-level panel dataset to explore the links between gross job flows and gross worker flows. Our findings have relevance for models of job creation and destruction, of labour reallocation and of employment adjustment costs. We find churning flows (the difference between worker and job flows at the firm) to be high, pervasive, and highly persistent over time within firms. We find the dynamic relationship between job and worker flows to be quite complex: lagged job flows raise churning flows, but the effect of churning flows on job flows is asymmetric.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1125.

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Date of creation: Feb 1995
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1125

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Keywords: Gross Job Flows; Labour Reallocation; Worker Flows;

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  1. Dunne, T. & Roberts, M.J. & Samuelson L., 1988. "Plant Turnover And Gross Employment Flows In The U.S. Manufacturing Sector," Papers 9-87-7, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
  2. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
  3. Daniel S. Hamermesh & Wolter H. J. Hassink & Jan C. van Ours, 1994. "New Facts About Factor-Demand Dynamics: Employment, Jobs, and Workers," NBER Working Papers 4625, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher A, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 397-415, July.
  5. Steve J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1991. "Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction and Employment Reallocation," NBER Working Papers 3728, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Newey, Whitney & Rosen, Harvey S, 1988. "Estimating Vector Autoregressions with Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1371-95, November.
  7. McLaughlin, Kenneth J, 1991. "A Theory of Quits and Layoffs with Efficient Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(1), pages 1-29, February.
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