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Financial Constraints and Foreign Market Entries or Exits: Firm Level Evidence from France

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  • Askenazy, Philippe
  • Caldera, Aida
  • Gaulier, Guillaume
  • Irac, Delphine

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of credit constraints on the expansion and survival of firms in foreign markets. It develops a model of the multi-country firm, in which, lower access to external finance, or reduced internal liquidity, hampers the firm ability to finance the recurrent costs to serve foreign markets and decreases firm survival in foreign markets. Additionally, financial constraints act as a barrier to firm export expansion by decreasing the firm ability to finance the entry costs into new export markets; thus, they push firm to avoid losing destinations and by the same token may increase firm survival in a given foreign market. We use a unique longitudinal dataset on French firms that contains information on export destinations of individual firms and allows us to construct various firm-level measures of financial constraints to test these predictions. We obtain two main results. First, credit constraints have a negative effect on the number of newly served destinations. Second, higher probability of exit from the export market is also associated with credit constraints. This seems to suggest that, no less than an issue of financing entry costs, credit constraints bear upon the recurrent costs of survival in an existing destination and strongly affect the firms’portfolio of destinations by this token.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) with number 1112.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:1112

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Keywords: firm heterogeneity; financial constraints; trade;

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References

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  1. Minetti, Raoul & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2011. "Credit constraints and firm export: Microeconomic evidence from Italy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 109-125, March.
  2. Andrei A. Levchenko & Logan T. Lewis & Linda L. Tesar, 2010. "The Collapse of International Trade During the 2008-2009 Crisis: In Search of the Smoking Gun," NBER Working Papers 16006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Aghion, P. & Askenazy, P. & Berman, N. & Cette, G. & Eymard, L., 2008. "Credit Constraints and the Cyclicality of R&D Investment: Evidence from France," Working papers 198, Banque de France.
  4. Sanghamitra Das & Mark J. Roberts & James R. Tybout, 2007. "Market Entry Costs, Producer Heterogeneity, and Export Dynamics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(3), pages 837-873, 05.
  5. Vlad Manole & Mariana Spatareanu, 2009. "Exporting, Capital Investment and Financial Constraints," LICOS Discussion Papers 25209, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  6. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2012. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 134-146.
  7. Mary Amiti & David E. Weinstein, 2009. "Exports and Financial Shocks," NBER Working Papers 15556, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Stefano Schiavo, 2010. "Financial Constraints and Firm Export Behaviour," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 347-373, 03.
  9. repec:pse:psecon:2008-26 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Berman, Nicolas & Héricourt, Jérôme, 2010. "Financial factors and the margins of trade: Evidence from cross-country firm-level data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 206-217, November.
  11. Christian Arndt & Claudia Buch & Anselm Mattes, 2009. "Barriers to Internationalization: Firm-Level Evidence from Germany," IAW Discussion Papers 52, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  12. Irac, D., 2008. "Access to new imported varieties and total factor productivity: Firm level evidence from France," Working papers 204, Banque de France.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Angelo Secchi & Federico Tamagni & Chiara Tomasi, 2011. "Exporting under financial constraints: margins, switching dynamics and prices," LEM Papers Series 2011/24, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  2. Gabriel J. Felbermayr & Erdal Yalcin, 2013. "Export Credit Guarantees and Export Performance: An Empirical Analysis for Germany," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(8), pages 967-999, 08.
  3. Holger Görg & Marina-Eliza Spaliara, 2014. "Exporters in the Financial Crisis," Kiel Working Papers 1919, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  4. Wagner, Joachim, 2012. "Credit constraints and exports: Evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 286, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  5. Sarah Guillou & Michel Bernini & Flora Bellone, 2013. "Firms leverage and export quality evidence from France," Sciences Po publications 2013-13, Sciences Po.
  6. Holger Görg & Marina-Eliza Spaliara, 2013. "Export market exit, financial pressure and the crisis," Kiel Working Papers 1859, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  7. Michele Bernini & Sarah Guillou & Flora Bellone, 2013. "Firms leverage and export quality:evidence from France," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2013-13, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  8. Mirabelle Muûls, 2012. "Exporters, importers and credit constraints," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 51516, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p4sr364g4 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Mirabelle Muûls, 2012. "Exporters, Importers and Credit Constraints," CEP Discussion Papers dp1169, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  11. Wagner, Joachim, 2013. "Credit constraints and exports: A survey of empirical studies using firm level data," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 334, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  12. Mawuli Segnon & Thomas Lux, 2013. "Multifractal Models in Finance: Their Origin, Propterties, and Applications," Kiel Working Papers 1860, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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