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Assessing effective sustainability of fiscal policy within the G-7

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  • Fève, Patrick
  • Hénin, Pierre-Yves

Abstract

This paper introduces a new unit root test, using "Feedback Covariates", in order to test for sustainability of fiscal policy within the G-7.Non-sustainability is considered as the null hypothesis of both a unit root in the debt process and the nullity of a deficit correction in response to inherited debt. We characterize the distribution of the FADF (Feedback Augmented Dickey-Fuller) statistics under both the null and the near unit root alternative and we compare the FADF statistics with the ones related to single equation approaches. This test is applied to public debt normalized by GDP, rather than by a discount factor, consistently with a definition of effective sustainability, which focusses on policy implications. We are still unable to reject the null hypothesis of non-sustainability for four countries. Nevertheless, our results confirm the potential of our approach in terms of power gains aind show that standard unit root tests lead to accept too often the null hypothesis of non-stationnarity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 9815.

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Length: 128 pages
Date of creation: 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:9815

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  1. Hamilton, James D & Flavin, Marjorie A, 1986. "On the Limitations of Government Borrowing: A Framework for EmpiricalTesting," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 808-19, September.
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  4. Artis, M. & Marcellino, M., 1998. "Fiscal Solvency and Fiscal Forecasting in Europe," Economics Working Papers eco98/2, European University Institute.
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  7. Bruce E. Hansen, 1995. "Rethinking the Univariate Approach to Unit Root Testing: Using Covariates to Increase Power," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 300., Boston College Department of Economics.
  8. Wickens, M. R. & Uctum, Merih, 1993. "The sustainability of current account deficits : A test of the US intertemporal budget constraint," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 423-441, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Evan Tanner & Issouf Samake, 2008. "Probabilistic Sustainability of Public Debt: A Vector Autoregression Approach for Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 55(1), pages 149-182, April.
  2. Wolfgang Kitterer, 2007. "Nachhaltige Finanz- und Investitionspolitik der Bundesländer," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 8(s1), pages 53-83, 04.
  3. Samuel S Jibao & Niek Schoeman & Ruthira Naraidoo, 2010. "Fiscal Regime Changes and the Sustainability of Fiscal Imbalance in South Africa: A Smooth Transition Error-Correction Approach," Working Papers 201023, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  4. Evan Lau & Ahmad Zubaidi Baharumshah, 2005. "Assessing The Mean Reversion Behavior Of Fiscal Policy: The Case Of Asian Countries," Macroeconomics 0504002, EconWPA.
  5. António Afonso & João Tovar Jalles, 2011. "A Longer-run Perspective on Fiscal Sustainability," Working Papers Department of Economics 2011/17, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  6. António Afonso, 2005. "Fiscal Sustainability: The Unpleasant European Case," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 61(1), pages 19-, March.
  7. Priesmeier, Christoph & Koester, Gerrit B., 2012. "Does Wagner's law ruin the sustainability of German public finances?," Discussion Papers 08/2012, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  8. Ahmad Zubaidi Baharumshah & Evan Lau, 2005. "Regime Changes And The Sustainability Of Fiscal Imbalance In East Asian Countries," Macroeconomics 0504001, EconWPA.
  9. António Afonso & Christophe Rault, 2007. "What We Really Know about Fiscal Sustainability in the EU? A Panel Data Diagnostic," Working Papers Department of Economics 2007/20, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  10. António Afonso, 2000. "Fiscal policy sustainability: some unpleasant European evidence," Working Papers Department of Economics 2000/12, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  11. Massimo Antonini & Kevin Lee & Jacinta Pires, . "Public Sector Debt Dynamics: The Persistence and Sources of Shocks to Debt in Ten EU Countries," Discussion Papers 11/08, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
  12. António Afonso & João Tovar Jalles, 2012. "Revisiting fiscal sustainability: panel cointegration and structural breaks in OECD countries," Working Papers Department of Economics 2012/29, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  13. Evan Lau & Ahmad Zubaidi Baharumshah & Shazali Abu Mansor & Chin-Hong Puah, 2009. "Testing Stationarity of Budgetary Position in Developing Countries," International Econometric Review (IER), Econometric Research Association, vol. 1(2), pages 77-87, April.
  14. J. Boissinot & C. L'Angevin & B. Monfort, 2004. "Public Debt Sustainability: Some Results on the French Case," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2004-10, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  15. Gabriella Deborah Legrenzi & Costas Milas, 2010. "Spend-and-Tax Adjustments and the Sustainability of the Government's Intertemporal Budget Constraint," CESifo Working Paper Series 2926, CESifo Group Munich.
  16. Chen, Shyh-Wei, 2014. "Testing for fiscal sustainability: New evidence from the G-7 and some European countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 1-15.
  17. Georgios Chortareas & George Kapetanios & Merih Uctum, 2003. "A Nonlinear Approach to Public Finance Sustainability in Latin America," Working Papers 486, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.

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