Factory discipline and externalities in the reduction of working time in the 19th century in France
AbstractThis paper emphasises an underestimated hypothesis -health considerations- explaining the reduction of working time in the 19th century in France. The first part is devoted to the rising wage and the declining health. In the second part, we show that the deterioration of living conditions was a negative externality suffered by workers and arising out of inter-firm competition. In the last section, we highlight one of the necessary conditions for any reduction in this externality: the growing realisation among both employers and workers of the decisive role.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 0208.
Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
- N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-09-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-MIC-2002-10-10 (Microeconomics)
- NEP-PBE-2002-09-28 (Public Economics)
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