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Firms' locations under demand heterogeneity

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  • PICARD, Pierre M.
  • OKUBO, Toshihiro

Abstract

In this paper we build an economic geography model where firms sell product varieties with heterogenous demands. We show that firms selling the products with higher demands select to set up their plants in larger countries. Larger countries do not only get better access to more varieties but also to the most demanded and valuable ones. The impact of such a spatial selection on firms' location choice depends on the skewness of the distribution of demand intensity across varieties. In a model where only capital moves across regions, demand heterogeneity generally diminishes the amount of capital invested in the larger country. In a model where the work force moves across regions, demand heterogeneity is shown to eliminate dramatic changes in the location patterns and to result in the asymmetric dispersion of workers, rather their symmetric dispersion or complete agglomeration in a specific region.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers RP with number -2459.

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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvrp:-2459

Note: In : Regional Science and Urban Economics, 42(6), 961-974, 2012
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2012. "Agglomeration, Trade and Selection," CEP Discussion Papers dp1129, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Breinlich, Holger & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Temple, Jonathan R.W., 2014. "Regional Growth and Regional Decline," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 4, pages 683-779 Elsevier.
  3. Toshihiro Okubo & Pierre Picard & Jacques-François Thisse, 2014. "On the impact of competition on trade and firm location," CREA Discussion Paper Series 14-05, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  4. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2013. "Which Firms are Left in the Periphery? - Spatial Sorting of Heterogeneous Firms with Scale Economies in Transportation," Research Papers in Economics 2013:9, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  5. PICARD, Pierre M., 2013. "Trade, economic geography and the choice of product quality," CORE Discussion Papers 2013039, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).

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