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Forced saving, redistribution, and nonlinear social security schemes

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  • CREMER, Helmuth
  • De DONDER, Philippe
  • MALDONADO, Dario
  • PESTIEAU, Pierre

Abstract

This paper studies the design of a nonlinear social security scheme in a society where individuals differ in two respects: productivity and degree of myopia. Myopic individuals may not save "enough" for their retirement because their "myopic self" emerges when labor supply and savings decisions are made. The social welfare function is paternalistic: the rate of time preference of the far-sighted (which corresponds to the "true" preferences of the myopics) is used for both types. We show that the paternalistic solution does not necessarily imply forced savings for the myopics. This is because paternalistic considerations are mitigated or even outweighed by incentive effects. Our numerical results suggest that as the number of myopic individuals increases, there is less redistribution and more forced saving. Furthermore, as the number of myopic increases, the desirability of social security (measured by the difference between social welfare with and without social security) increases.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4284/sej.2009.76.1.86
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers RP with number -2147.

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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvrp:-2147

Note: In : Southern Economic Journal, 76(1), 86-98, 2009
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References

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  1. CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU, Pierre & ROCHET, Jean-Charles, . "Capital income taxation when inherited wealth is not observable," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1700, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Martin Feldstein, 1982. "The Optimal Level of Social Security Benefits," NBER Working Papers 0970, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. CREMER, Helmuth & DE DONDER, Philippe & MALDONADO, Dario & PESTIEAU, Pierre, . "Voting over type and generosity of a pension system when some individuals are myopic," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2051, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Ayse Imrohoroglu & Selahattin Imrohoroglu & Douglas H. Joines, 2003. "Time-Inconsistent Preferences And Social Security," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 118(2), pages 745-784, May.
  5. CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU , Pierre & ROCHET, Jean-Charles, . "Direct versus indirect taxation: the design of the tax structure revisited," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1528, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  6. Diamond, Peter & Koszegi, Botond, 2003. "Quasi-hyperbolic discounting and retirement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(9-10), pages 1839-1872, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Torben Andersen & Joydeep Bhattacharya, 2011. "On myopia as rationale for social security," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 135-158, May.
  2. CREMER, Helmuth & DE DONDER, Philippe & MALDONADO, Dario & PESTIEAU, Pierre, 2006. "Designing a linear pension scheme with forced savings and wage heterogeneity," CORE Discussion Papers 2006047, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Cremer, Helmuth & Roeder, Kerstin, 2011. "Long-term care policy, myopia and redistribution," TSE Working Papers 12-314, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised May 2012.
  4. Frank Caliendo & Emin Gahramanov, 2013. "Myopia and pensions in general equilibrium," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, vol. 37(3), pages 375-401, July.
  5. Kerstin Roeder, 2009. "Optimal taxes and pensions in a society with myopic agents," Working Papers 2009/28, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  6. Lasse Frisgaard Gunnersen & Bo Sandemann Rasmussen, 2012. "Optimal Tax-Transfer Policies, Life-Cycle Labour Supply and Present-Biased Preferences," Economics Working Papers 2012-12, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  7. Roeder, Kerstin, 2013. "Optimal taxes and pensions with myopic agents," Munich Reprints in Economics 19747, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. Matti Tuomala & Sanna Tenhunen, 2013. "On the design of an optimal non-linear tax/pension system with habit formation," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 485-512, June.

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