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Local taxation of global corporation: a simple solution

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  • HINDRIKS, Jean

    ()
    (Université catholique de Louvain, CORE, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)

  • PERALTA, Susana

    ()
    (Nova School of Business and Economics, Lisboa)

  • WEBER, Shlomo

    ()
    (Southern Methodist University, Texas)

Abstract

The explosion of globalization has increased firms incentives to exploit international tax differentials to their benefit. In this paper we consider a simple world with two countries with different market sizes and two multinationals with a division in each country. Both countries use a source-based profit tax on multinationals, who compete a la Cournot in each local market and use profit shifting based on the tax differential. We assess policies aimed to mitigate inefficient tax choices and show that tax harmonization cannot benefit the small country which adopts a lower tax rate to channel a tax revenue from the large country. We propose a simple revenue sharing mechanism in which countries share equal proportion of their own revenue with each other. It is shown that revenue sharing increases equilibrium tax rates in each country, reduces the tax differential, and benefits both countries despite of reallocation of resources from the high tax to the low tax country

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2013011.

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Date of creation: 06 May 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2013011

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Keywords: Heterogeneous countries; Profit Shifting; Tax Competition Revenue Sharing;

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  1. PERALTA, Susana & WAUTHY , Xavier & van YPERSELE, Tanguy, 2003. "Should countries control international profit shifting ?," CORE Discussion Papers 2003072, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  21. Hylke Vandenbussche & Boudewijn Janssen & Karen Crabb?, 2004. "Is there Regional Tax Competition in Belgium?," LICOS Discussion Papers 14504, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  22. Christian Baretti & Bernd Huber & Karl Lichtblau, 2002. "A Tax on Tax Revenue: The Incentive Effects of Equalizing Transfers: Evidence from Germany," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 9(6), pages 631-649, November.
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