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Dynamic latent factor models for intensity processes

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  • BAUWENS, Luc
  • HAUTSCH, Nikolaus

Abstract

This paper introduces a new framework for the dynamic modelling of univariate and multivariate point processes. The so-called latent factor intensity (LFI) model is based on the assumption that the intensity function consists of univariate or multivariate observation driven dynamic components and a univariate dynamic latent factor. In this sense, the model corresponds to a dynamic extension of a doubly stochastic Poisson process. We illustrate alternative parameterizations of the observation driven component based on autoregressive conditional intensity (ACI) specifications, as well as Hawkes types models. Based on simulation studies, it is shown that the proposed model provides a flexible tool to capture the joint dynamics of multivariate point processes. Since the latent component has to be integrated out, the model is estimated by simulated maximum likelihood based upon efficient importance sampling techniques. Applications of univariate and bivariate LFI models to transaction data extracted from the German XETRA trading system provide evidence for an improvement of the econometric specification when observable as well as unobservable dynamic components are taken into account.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2003103.

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Date of creation: 00 Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2003103

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Related research

Keywords: multivariate point process; latent factor; transaction durations; efficient importance sampling;

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References

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  1. Liesenfeld, Roman & Richard, Jean-Francois, 2003. "Univariate and multivariate stochastic volatility models: estimation and diagnostics," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 505-531, September.
  2. Fernandes, Marcelo & Grammig, Joachim, 2006. "A family of autoregressive conditional duration models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 130(1), pages 1-23, January.
  3. Joachim Grammig & Kai-Oliver Maurer, 2000. "Non-monotonic hazard functions and the autoregressive conditional duration model," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 3(1), pages 16-38.
  4. Clive G. Bowsher, 2003. "Modelling Security Market Events in Continuous Time: Intensity Based, Multivariate Point Process Models," Economics Papers 2003-W03, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  5. Luc Bauwens & David Veredas, 2004. "The stochastic conditional duration model: a latent factor model for the analysis of financial durations," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/136234, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Nikolaus Hautsch, 2006. "Testing the Conditional Mean Function of Autoregressive Conditional Duration Models," FRU Working Papers 2006/06, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Finance Research Unit.
  7. Dufour, Alfonso & Engle, Robert F, 1999. "Time and the Price Impact of a Trade," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt62c0h04j, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  8. Heinen, Andreas & Rengifo, Erick, 2007. "Multivariate autoregressive modeling of time series count data using copulas," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 564-583, September.
  9. repec:fth:louvco:2001/36 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Engle, Robert F & Lunde, Asger, 1998. "Trades and Quotes: A Bivariate Point Process," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt8bh079sq, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  11. repec:fth:louvco:9958 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Clark, Peter K, 1973. "A Subordinated Stochastic Process Model with Finite Variance for Speculative Prices," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(1), pages 135-55, January.
  13. Robert F. Engle & Jeffrey R. Russell, 1998. "Autoregressive Conditional Duration: A New Model for Irregularly Spaced Transaction Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1127-1162, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jean-Francois Richard & Roman Liesenfeld, 2007. "Classical and Bayesian Analysis of Univariate and Multivariate Stochastic Volatility Models," Working Papers 322, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2004.
  2. Liesenfeld, Roman & Richard, Jean-François, 2008. "Improving MCMC, using efficient importance sampling," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 272-288, December.
  3. Bowsher, Clive G., 2007. "Modelling security market events in continuous time: Intensity based, multivariate point process models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 876-912, December.
  4. Large, Jeremy, 2007. "Measuring the resiliency of an electronic limit order book," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, February.
  5. Simonsen, Ola, 2005. "An Empirical Model for Durations in Stocks," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 657, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  6. Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & André Monteiro, 2005. "The Multi-State Latent Factor Intensity Model for Credit Rating Transitions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-071/4, Tinbergen Institute, revised 04 Jul 2005.
  7. Anthony Hall & Nikolaus Hautsch, 2006. "Order aggressiveness and order book dynamics," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 30(4), pages 973-1005, January.
  8. GRAMMIG, Joachim & HEINEN, Andréas & RENGIFO, Erick, 2004. "Trading activity and liquidity supply in a pure limit order book market," CORE Discussion Papers 2004058, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  9. Grammig, Joachin & Heinen, Andreas & Rengifo, Erick, 2004. "Trading activity and liquidity supply in a pure limit order book market: An empirical analysis using a multivariate count data model," MPRA Paper 8115, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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