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On the evolution of a multi-regional system

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  • TABUCHI, Takatoshi
  • THISSE, Jacques-François
  • ZENG, Dao-Zhi

Abstract

We study the effects of a decrease in trade costs on the spatial distribution of industry in a multi-regional economy, when a rise in the regional population of workers generates higher urban costs. We show that high and low trade costs imply that all regions involve a positive share of the industrial sector. When urban costs are linear, there exists a stable equilibrium for almost all values of trade costs. Furthermore, as trade costs fall, there is a path of stable equilibria such that the industry is, first, agglomerated into a decreasing number of regions and, then, dispersed among a growing number of regions. The second phase arises because of the increasing urban costs associated with the process of agglomeration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2001003.

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Date of creation: 00 Jan 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2001003

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Keywords: multi-regional system; economic geography; agglomeration; transport costs; urban costs;

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References

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  1. Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 1998. "Urban Agglomeration and Dispersion: A Synthesis of Alonso and Krugman," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 333-351, November.
  2. Takatoshi Tabuchi & Dao-Zhi Zeng, 2004. "Stability of Spatial Equilibrium," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(4), pages 641-660.
  3. GINSBURGH, Victor & PAPAGEORGIOU, Yorgo & THISSE, Jacques-François, . "On existence and stability of spatial equilibria and steady-states," CORE Discussion Papers RP -651, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Fujita,Masahisa & Thisse,Jacques-François, 2013. "Economics of Agglomeration," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521171960.
  5. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
  6. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2004. "Non-Europe : the magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques bla99004a, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  7. Krugman, Paul, 1993. "On the number and location of cities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 293-298, April.
  8. A G Champion, 1994. "Population change and migration in Britain since 1981: evidence for continuing deconcentration," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 26(10), pages 1501-1520, October.
  9. T Tabuchi, 1986. "Existence and stability of city-size distribution in the gravity and logit models," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 18(10), pages 1375-1389, October.
  10. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
  11. Zeng, Dao-Zhi, 2002. "Equilibrium stability for a migration model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 123-138, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Sidorov, A., 2013. "Stability of Totally Agglomerated Equilibrium in a Multiregional Core-Periphery Model," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 44-62.

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