On the Logic of Common Belief and Common Knowledge
AbstractThe paper surveys the currently available axioma.tizations of common belief (CB) and common knowledge (CK) by means of modal propositionallogic:s. (Throughout, knowledge - whether individual or common - is defined as true belief.) Section 1 introduces the formal method ofaxiomatization followed by epistemic logicians, especially the syntaxe-semantics distinction, and the notion of a soundness and completeness theorem. Section 2 explains the syntactical concepts, while bridly discussing their motivations. Two standard semantic constructions, Kripke structures and neighbourhood structures, are introduced in sections 3 and 4, respectively. It is recalled that Aumann's partitional model of CK is a particular case of a definition in terms of Kripke structures. The paper also restates the well-known fact that Kripke structures can be regarded as particular cases of neighbourhood structures. Section 3 reviews the soundness and completeness theorems proved w.r .t. the (ormer structures by Fagin, Halpern, Moses and Vardi, as well as related results by Lismont. Section 4 reviews the corresponding theorems derived w.r.t. the latter structures by Lismont and Mongin. A general conclusion of the paper is that the axiomatization of CB does not require as strong systems of individual belief as was originally thought - only mono tonicity has thusfar proved indispensable. Section 5 explains another consequence of general releo.-ance: despite the "infinitary" nature of CB, the axiom systems of this paper admit of effecth-e decision procedures, i.e., they are decidable in the logician's sense.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 1994005.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 1994
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common belief; common knowledge; Kripke structures; neighbourhood structures; partitional model; modal propositional logic; epistemic logic;
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