From Dornbusch to Murphy: Stylized Monetary Dynamics of a contemporary Macroeconometric Model
AbstractDornbusch's 1976 overshooting exchange rate model (hereafter, DBM) has long been known to underpin several large macro models, including the Murphy Model (MM). But the dynamic adjustment paths of variables in MM differ markedly from those in DBM, even qualitatively. A leading case in point is the exchange rate which in MM undershoots its new long run-equilibrium value after the injection of a monetary shock, and then actually moves away from this equi-librium for a time before approaching it via a damped cyclical adjustment path (whereas the corresponding path in DBM is monotonic). This paper gives a simplified account of how this comes about. The emphasis is not so much on theoretical rigour but on providing a convincing practical demonstration. Using the simplest form of DBM as a starting point, it is shown how one can develop a miniature model exhibiting an MM-like response to a monetary shock. The key idea is that aggregate demand does not respond instantaneously (as in DBM) to shocks in the macroeconomic environment, but shows some degree of inertia. Nothing more is required to reconcile the qualitative dynamics of MM with DBM.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre in its series Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers with number ip-69.
Date of creation: Jan 1998
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Powell, Alan A., 2000. "From Dornbusch to Murphy: Stylized Monetary Dynamics of a Contemporary Macroeconometric Model," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 99-116, January.
- Powell, A.A., 1995. "From Dornbush to Murphy: Stylized Monetary Dynamics of a Contemporary Macroeconometric Model," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics 13/95, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
- E17 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
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