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Equilibrio regional y patrones de migración para el continente americano 1960 - 2005: Análisis espacial por panel de datos

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  • Hernán Enriquez Sierra

    ()

  • Jacobo Campo Robledo

    ()

Abstract

El artículo analiza la dinámica de la migración en el continente americano desde 1960 a 2005 empleando un enfoque de desequilibrio como el propuesto por Sjaastad (1969) y Todaro (1969). Mediante técnicas recientes de econometría espacial se evalúan los flujos migratorios, controlando por el efecto de movilidad del trabajo y el ajuste salarial a escala regional determinados por los salarios reales y por la población de cada país. Adicionalmente, el modelo estimado busca variaciones en la migración teniendo en cuenta características de la población en cada uno de los países, específicamente la proporción de personas en edad de trabajar, desempleo y salario relativo. Estimando la migración neta se tiene que el equilibrio espacial migratorio se ve afectado negativamente por los salarios y positivamente por la oferta de trabajo existente.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 010388.

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Length: 18
Date of creation: 30 Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000444:010388

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Keywords: Flujos migratorios; equilibrio espacial; Panel espacial.;

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  1. Gabriel, Stuart A. & Shack-Marquez, Janice & Wascher, William L., 1993. "Does migration arbitrage regional labor market differentials?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 211-233, April.
  2. Mincer, Jacob, 1978. "Family Migration Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
  3. Elhorst, J. Paul, 2010. "Dynamic panels with endogenous interaction effects when T is small," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 272-282, September.
  4. Todaro, Michael P, 1969. "A Model for Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 138-48, March.
  5. Greenwood, Michael J. & Hunt, Gary L., 1989. "Jobs versus amenities in the analysis of metropolitan migration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 1-16, January.
  6. Greenwood, Michael J, 1975. "Research on Internal Migration in the United States: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 397-433, June.
  7. Graves, Philip E., 1976. "A reexamination of migration, economic opportunity, and the quality of life," MPRA Paper 19918, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Schwartz, Aba, 1973. "Interpreting the Effect of Distance on Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(5), pages 1153-69, Sept.-Oct.
  9. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
  10. Debarsy, Nicolas & Ertur, Cem, 2010. "Testing for spatial autocorrelation in a fixed effects panel data model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 453-470, November.
  11. Greenwood, Michael J & Hunt, Gary L, 1984. "Migration and Interregional Employment Redistribution in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(5), pages 957-69, December.
  12. Borjas, George J, 1987. "Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 531-53, September.
  13. Waltert, Fabian & Schläpfer, Felix, 2010. "Landscape amenities and local development: A review of migration, regional economic and hedonic pricing studies," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 141-152, December.
  14. Sasser, Alicia C., 2010. "Voting with their feet: Relative economic conditions and state migration patterns," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2-3), pages 122-135, May.
  15. Jeanty, P. Wilner & Partridge, Mark & Irwin, Elena, 2010. "Estimation of a spatial simultaneous equation model of population migration and housing price dynamics," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 343-352, September.
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