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Institutional Effect over Economic Growth: New Evidence for Latin America

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  • William Orlando Prieto Bustos

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Abstract

In lieu of the institutional hypothesis of economic growth, an economic model and an econometric model are proposed to explore how important institutional settings were for economic performance during the first ten years of the new millennium in Latin America. According to instrumental variables models, institutional quality explains 1.13 and 1.09 of income differences for the decade 2000 - 2010, holding formal and informal structural characteristics constant. The highest average income was greater in a factor of 5,6 than the lowest average income so that, giving econometric results, institutional quality accounts for 20% of such income gap. Compared with short term gains, only Argentina, Chile and Uruguay seem to have been implemented changes in technical efficiency during the decade relevant for Total Factor Productivity levels.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 009591.

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Length: 46
Date of creation: 25 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000444:009591

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Keywords: Economic Development; Technological Change; and Growth; Data Envelopment Analysis; and Instrumental Variable Models.;

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  1. Afonso, António & Schuknecht, Ludger & Tanzi, Vito, 2006. "Public sector efficiency: evidence for new EU member states and emerging markets," Working Paper Series 0581, European Central Bank.
  2. James A. Robinson & Daron Acemoglu, 2000. "Political Losers as a Barrier to Economic Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 126-130, May.
  3. Stanley L. Engerman & Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2003. "Institutional and Non-Institutional Explanations of Economic Differences," NBER Working Papers 9989, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Afonso, António & Schuknecht, Ludger & Tanzi, Vito, 2003. "Public sector efficiency: an international comparison," Working Paper Series 0242, European Central Bank.
  5. Chang, Ha-Joon, 2006. "Understanding the Relationship between Institutions and Economic Development: Some Key Theoretical Issues," Working Paper Series DP2006/05, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  6. Langlois,Richard, 1989. "Economics as a Process," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521378598, October.
  7. Aron, Janine, 2000. "Growth and Institutions: A Review of the Evidence," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(1), pages 99-135, February.
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