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Una Propuesta De Conceptualización Y Medición Del Sector Informal

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  • José Ignacio Uribe García

    ()

  • Carlos Humberto Ortíz Quevedo

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se exponen los tres enfoques analíticos más importantes sobre la informalidad laboral en los países subdesarrollados. El enfoque estructuralista, que le da prioridad en la explicación al escaso desarrollo del sector moderno de la economía; el enfoque de los mercados de trabajo segmentados, que parte de la visión anterior pero plantea la importancia de las instituciones laborales en el interior de las empresas modernas (mercados internos de trabajo) para explicar las limitaciones a la movilidad del trabajo entre los sectores y las diferencias en ingresos; y finalmente, el enfoque institucionalista, que enfatiza en los costos de transacción y de permanencia en el sector formal como elemento esencial en la escogencia de permanecer al margen de la legalidad. Dado que la informalidad como conjunto de análisis abarca a un grupo heterogéneo de agentes, se postula que cada una de las teorías planteadas sobre este tema contribuye a explicar el fenómeno que intentan analizar. Además, en este trabajo se plantea que las diferentes teorías mencionadas podrían complementarse alrededor de la hipótesis de la existencia de rendimientos crecientes a escala en capital físico y humano. Lo que no se considera adecuado de ninguna forma es abandonar el concepto de informalidad y referirse sólo a sus características, como lo propone el BID (2004). La ausencia de teoría no contribuye a entender las interrelaciones entre los elementos que componen la estructura de la informalidad ni sus causas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE with number 003720.

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Length: 35
Date of creation: 20 Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000149:003720

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  1. Rocío Ribero, 2003. "Gender Dimensions Of Non-Formal Employment In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002762, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  2. Carmen Pagés-Serra & James J. Heckman, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," Research Department Publications 4227, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Maloney, William F., 1998. "The structure of labor markets in developing countries : time series evidence on competing views," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1940, The World Bank.
  4. Loayza, Norman A., 1997. "The economics of the informal sector : a simple model and some empirical evidence from Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1727, The World Bank.
  5. Levenson, Alec R. & Maloney, William F., 1998. "The informal sector, firm dynamics, and institutional participation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1988, The World Bank.
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