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Caracteristicas De La Informalidad Urbana En Las Diez Principales Areas Metropolitanas De Colombia: 1988-2000

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  • Carlos Humberto Ortíz Quevedo

    ()

  • José Ignacio Uribe García

    ()

Abstract

En este trabajo se realiza una descripción analítica del mercado laboral con énfasis en el sector informal de las diez principales ciudades de Colombia. Esta exploración se realiza con base en diferentes perspectivas teóricas sobre la informalidad laboral. En primer lugar, se examina al sector informal, tal como lo clasifica el DANE, desde la perspectiva estructuralista; en esta visión, el sector informal se explica fundamentalmente por la estrechez interna del sector moderno, lo cual genera actividades secundarias con menores remuneraciones y con condiciones de trabajo inferiores. Posteriormente se examina al mismo sector informal desde la perspectiva institucionalista; o sea, se examina básicamente el grado de cumplimiento de la normatividad institucional por parte de los trabajadores y de las empresas en las cuales laboran. Finalmente, con base en la hipótesis de que las empresas experimentan rendimientos a escala en capital físico y humano, se desagrega al mercado laboral por tamaño de planta: trabajadores unipersonales no profesionales ni técnicos; famiempresas (2 a 5 trabajadores); microempresas (6 a 10 trabajadores); sector informal pequeño (empresas con hasta diez trabajadores en las cuales laboran profesionales o técnicos); y sector formal grande (más de diez trabajadores).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE with number 002102.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: 20 Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000149:002102

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Keywords: Informalidad;

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