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Las Remesas en Colombia: costos de transacción y lavado de dinero

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Author Info

  • Ximena Cadena Ordóñez

    ()

  • Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María

    ()

Abstract

Resumen: Las remesas que entran a Colombia han aumentado sustancialmente en los últimos años como reflejo del incremento en el flujo migratorio que vivió el país a finales de la década de los noventa. En 2003 se convirtieron en la segunda fuente de divisas del país. Además de mejorar el bienestar de los hogares receptores, pueden ser utilizadas para lavar dinero proveniente de actividades ilegales. Por ello, Colombia ha desarrollado una regulación intensiva en prevenir el lavado de activos, cuyo costo ha sido asumido por los operadores en el mercado a través de la reducción en la rentabilidad y los márgenes. El control al lavado de activos debe fortalecerse entre los Cambistas Profesionales, que son numerosos y poco vigilados. Abstract: In line with migration flows, workers remittances have increased substantially in recent years in Colombia. Although remittances have improved living standards of recipient households, the possibility of use as a vehicle for money laundering is a major risk. Colombia heavily regulates these transfers, which do not seem to be more costly than in other Latin American countries due to competition between intermediaries. Controls on money laundering should focus on 'cambistas profesionales', which are numerous and weakly regulated and supervised. Keywords: International Migration, Financial Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services, Market Structure and Prices.

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File URL: http://www.fedesarrollo.org.co/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/WP-No.-26-Las-remesas-en-Colombia-2004.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDESARROLLO in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 003127.

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Length: 33
Date of creation: 30 Oct 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000123:003127

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Related research

Keywords: Migración Internacional; Regulación Financiera; Instituciones y Servicios Financieros; Estructura de Mercado y Precios.International Migration; Financial Regulation; Financial Institutions and Services; Market Structure and Prices.;

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References

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  1. Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Visa Usa: Fortunas Y Extravíos De Los Emigrantes Colombianos En Los Estados Unidos," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003766, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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Cited by:
  1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Paola Montenegro & Nataly Obando, 2011. "El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007871, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Maurice Kugler, . "Migrant Remittances, Human Capital Formation and Job Creation Externalities in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 370, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Lina cardona Sosa & Carlos Medina, . "Migration as a Safety Net and Effects of Remittances on Household Consumption: The Case of Colombia," Borradores de Economia 414, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Luis E. Arango & Dolores de la Mata & Nataly Obando, 2014. "Echoes of the crises in Spain and US in the Colombian labor market: a differences-in-differences approach," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 011837, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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