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Élites innovadoras y difusión tecnológica

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  • Oliver Pardo

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Abstract

Una tecnología, a diferencia de la mayoría de bienes y servicios, tiene el potencial para ser usada por un número ilimitado de personas. No obstante, al asumir ausencia de rivalidad en el uso de tecnologías, los modelos de crecimiento endógeno tienden a generar trayectorias de crecimiento explosivas.Este documento argumenta que al introducir rezagos en el proceso de difusión tecnológica, la no rivalidad se desvincula de los rendimientos crecientes a escala, imposibilitando la existencia de crecimiento explosivo. Con este fin, se formula un modelo de generaciones traslapadas donde los agentes observan las innovaciones tecnol´ogicas de sus vecinos, pero s´olo pueden implementarlas unperiodo después. El modelo muestra cómo la existencia de una élite innovadora es una condición necesaria para un crecimiento económico sostenido. Más aun, el crecimiento viene dado por la propensi´on a innovar de esta élite, mientras que las caracter´ısticas medias de la población carecen de papel alguno en la determinación de la tasa de crecimiento de largo plazo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN in its series ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA with number 005119.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: 27 Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000118:005119

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Keywords: crecimiento e innovación; élites innovadoras; difusión tecnológica.;

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  1. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1989. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers 8904, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
  2. Charles I. Jones, 2004. "Growth and Ideas," NBER Working Papers 10767, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Galor, Oded, 2004. "From Stagnation to Growth: Unified Growth Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 4581, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. William Easterly, 2002. "The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists' Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262550423, December.
  5. Mokyr, Joel, 2005. "Long-Term Economic Growth and the History of Technology," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 17, pages 1113-1180 Elsevier.
  6. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
  7. Matthias Doepke, 2005. "Growth TAkeoffs," UCLA Economics Working Papers 847, UCLA Department of Economics.
  8. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  9. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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