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Evolución geográfica del homicidio en Colombia

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  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba

    ()

  • Ana María Díaz, Alejandro Peláez
  • Omar Castelblanco, Johanna Tautiva
  • Cristina González, Laura Ángel

Abstract

Even though Colombia has shown a significant reduction in its homicide rate, this one remains comparatively high as a result of the sharp incidence of homicide within certain Colombian regions. This study analyzes the evolvement of the geographical structure of homicide between 2003 and 2010. This is carried out through a spatial analysis of the municipal homicide rate, employing three approaches: The first one looks at the spatial distribution of the homicide rate. The second one establishes that said distribution is not random within the Colombian territory. The third approach formally identifies the peaceful and violent areas of the country. Results reflect a persistent tendency towards the agglomeration of peaceful and violent municipalities. Patterns found suggest that the disputes, amongst irregular groups, related to the territorial dominance over strategic areas for the production and traffic of narcotics constitutes one of the aspects that trigger violence and determines its scope. RESUMEN: Aunque en Colombia la tasa de homicidio ha mostrado una tendencia decreciente en los últimos años, esta sigue siendo significativamente alta como resultado de la alta incidencia del delito en algunas regiones colombianas. En este estudio se analiza la evolución de la estructura geográfica del delito de homicidio entre 2003 y 2010. Esto se hace mediante un análisis espacial de la tasa de homicidio municipal, empleando tres enfoques: el primero mira la distribución geográfica de la tasa de homicidio municipal; el segundo establece que dicha distribución no es aleatoria; el tercero identifica formalmente las zonas violentas y pacíficas del país. Los resultados indican que en Colombia hay una tendencia persistente a la aglomeración de municipios pacíficos y violentos. Los patrones hallados sugieren que las disputas asociadas al control territorial de áreas estratégicas para la producción y tráfico de narcóticos constituye uno de los factores que desencadena la violencia y determina su alcance. Específicamente, la confluencia de grupos irregulares en dichas zonas genera enfrentamientos que incrementan los niveles de violencia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 009750.

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Date of creation: 26 Jun 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009750

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Keywords: homicidio; Colombia; I de Moran; análisis espacial;

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Cited by:
  1. Andrés Sánchez Jabba, 2012. "La reinvención de Medellín," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 010058, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

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