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¿Fuga interregional de cerebros? El caso colombiano

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  • Laura Cepeda Emiliani

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Abstract

The relationship between human capital and regional development has been documented in the economic literature. In line with the branch of the literature called economic geography of human capital, this paper analyzes the localization of Colombians with postgraduate degrees studied abroad, using data from Colfuturo´s scholarship program. I estimate the probability of living and working in Bogotá after finishing the postgraduate degree and find that younger people, people who were born in small cities and who lived in Bogotá prior to going abroad, have a higher probability of living in Bogotá. A second model estimates the probability of returning to the country and in this case, people who are single, who previously worked in the private sector, who did an internship abroad after finishing their degree and those who studied degrees related to business and engineering, have less probability of returning to the country. These results generate questions about which are the incentives that regions should offer to attract more qualified human capital. RESUMEN: En línea con la llamada geografía económica del capital humano, este documento analiza la localización de los Colombianos con posgrados en el exterior, utilizando información del programa de becas Colfuturo. Analizando la probabilidad de vivir y trabajar en Bogotá después del posgrado, se encuentra que las variables que más influyen en esta decisión son la edad, el tamaño de la población del municipio de nacimiento y el hecho de haber vivido en Bogotá anteriormente. Asimismo, se estima un modelo probit de la probabilidad de no retorno al país, y se encuentra que las personas solteras, quienes trabajaban antes del posgrado en el sector privado, quienes hicieron una práctica profesional al terminar el posgrado, los que hicieron programas más cortos (de un año o menos) y los que estudiaron en las áreas de ingeniería y administración tienen menos probabilidad de volver al país. Los resultados de este trabajo generan preguntas acerca de cuáles son los incentivos que deben ofrecer las regiones para atraer a las personas más calificadas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 009448.

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Date of creation: 17 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009448

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Keywords: fuga de cerebros; educación superior; desarrollo regional;

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